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GAME´LIA (γαμηλία). The father of the bridegroom or the bridegroom himself gave a feast (γαμηλία, Hesych. sub voce δεῖπνον τοῖς φράτορσιν ἐποίει γαμῶν), accompanied by offerings ἐπὶ γάμῳ θυσία ἐν τοῖς φράτερσι γαμηλία, Pollux, 3.42; cf. 8.107), to the members of his phratry, or rather to the οἰκεῖοι amongst the phratores (γαμηλίαν εἰσενεγκεῖν ὑπέρ τινος, Dem. c. Eubul. p. 1312.43, cf. p. 1320.69; Isae. Or. 3 [Pyrrh.], § § 76, 79; Or. 8 [Ciron.], § § 18, 20), on which occasion the bride was introduced to and enrolled amongst the phratores. (Harpoer. s. v. εἰς τοὺς φράτορας εἰσαγωγὴ τῶν γυναικῶν. Cf. Etym. M. p. 220, 50 ff.) Thus she became a sharer in her husband's sacra. This ceremony probably took place in the month of Gamelion (Meier, de gentil. Attic. 2, p. 10; Mommsen, Heortol. p. 344); see also Athen. 5.186 b, ὡς νενόμισται ἄγειν συμπόσια περὶ τοὺς γάμους, τῶν τε γαμηλίων θεῶν ἕνεκα καὶ τῆς οἱονεὶ μαρτυρίας. In Mommsen's opinion there is no difference in meaning between γαμηλία and τὰ γαμήλια (which is explained by Eranius Philo, p. 164, τὰ τελούμενα ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐν γάμος τελεῖται: cf. Stephanus, s. v.). Later on [p. 1.901]the newly-married woman was introduced to the wives of the demotae by a feast at the Thesmophoria (ὑπέρ τινος Θεσμοφόρια ἑστιᾶν τὰς γυναῖκας, Isae. Pyrrh. § 80), after which the women of her deme might choose her to be one of the two entrusted with the conduct of the festival (ἄρχειν εἰς τὰ Θεσμοφόρια, Isae. Ciron. § 19).

Buermann (Suppl. Jahrb. für. kl. Philol. 1878, p. 569 ff.) is of opinion that both the wife and the παλλακὴ were betrothed (ἐγγύησις) by the κύριος, but that the wife alone was introduced to the phratores (γαμηλία); but as Philippi points out (Jahrb. für kl. Phil. 1879, p. 417), the distinction between ἐγγυᾶσθαι and γαμεῖν, as indicated by B., is not borne out by the use made of these words by the orators.

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