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[59] 17. Xenophon's writings are very instructive on many subjects and I beg you to go on reading them with studious care. With what copious eloquence agriculture is lauded in his book entitled The Householder, which treats of the management of estates! To show you that Xenophon regarded nothing more befitting royalty than zeal in husbandry, let me recall the incident1 in the same book, related by Socrates in a conversation with Critobulus. Cyrus the Younger, a Persian prince, eminent for his intelligence and the glory of his rule, was visited at Sardis by Lysander the Spartan, a man of the highest virtue, who brought presents from the allies Among other courtesies to Lysander while his guest, Cyrus showed him a certain carefully planted park. After admiring the stateliness of the trees, regularly placed in quincunx rows,2 the clean and well-cultivated soil, and the sweet odours emanating from the flowers, Lysander then remarked: “I marvel not only at the industry, but also at the skill of the man who planned and arranged this work.” “But it was I,” Cyrus answered, “who planned it all; mine are the rows and mine the arrangement, and many of those trees I set out with my own hands.” [p. 73] After gazing at the prince's purple robe, the beauty of his person, his Persian costume adorned with much gold and many precious stones, Lysander said: “With good reason, Cyrus, men call you happy, since in you good fortune has been joined with virtue.”

1 Xen. Oecon. 4. 20.

2 i.e. arranged thus. . . . cf. Virg. Georg. ii. 277.

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load focus Introduction (William Armistead Falconer, 1923)
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  • Cross-references to this page (2):
    • Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges, PRONOUNS
    • Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges, CONSTRUCTION OF CASES
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