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TAVIERS Belgium.

A Gallo-Roman vicus on the Bavai-Tongres road. The ancient name was probably Tabernae, which would indicate that a mansio of the cursus publicus was located there. Many foundations have been found at the locality of Terre aux Pierres, N of the roadway. The beginnings of the center go back to the first half of the 1st c. and maybe even to the end of the Iron Age. An inscription mentions the presence of a well with medicinal waters, dedicated to Apollo. Among the foundations were those of a temple. Many pieces of sculpture have been found, including a fine torso of an ephebe in white stone. The vicus was destroyed during one of the first Frankish invasions, shortly after A.D. 250. Shortly thereafter, a small blocking fort was built, almost square in plan and surrounded by a ditch 4 m wide. It was built on the ruins of the temple mentioned above, on the W edge of the vicus. Soon the fort was rebuilt and surrounded with wider ditches (8 m on the E side, 11 on the S, and 14 on the W). The slopes of these ditches were set with fascines placed 20 to 30 cm apart from one another. The inside of the ditch was reinforced by two rows of stakes which formed a high palisade for surveillance by the patrol. Apparently the first burgus was destroyed around A.D. 275 and rebuilt immediately. A hoard of coins, buried in the bottom of the ditches of the burgus in the time of Valentinian I (364-78), may indicate the end of the Roman occupation. The large tumulus of Hottomont had a diameter of 48 m and a height of more than 10 m. Its rich grave goods were pillaged during the wars of Louis XIV.


P. Claes, “Découvertes de l'époque romaine à Taviers,” Annales de la Soc. archéol. de Namur 47 (1953-54) 225-55; L. Halkin, “L'inscription romaine de Taviers,” ibid. 257-65; M. E. Mariën, Par la chaussée Brunehaut de Bavai à Cologne (1967) 68-73PI.


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