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A form of worshipping the gods, according to which the worshipper prostrated himself before the statue of the deity, and then kissed his hand and waved it towards the image. While so doing, he moved his whole body around, usually from left to right. Hence, se convertere is sometimes used for adorare (Livy, v. 21).


The adoratio paid to the Roman emperors was a form of salutation borrowed from the East, and consisted of prostration on the ground and kissing the feet, knees, or dress of the emperor. Livy speaks of this as adulatio. It was not a part of the ordinary etiquette of the court before the time of Diocletian.

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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 5, 21
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