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CRAGUS (Κράγος: Eth. Κράγιος), a mountainous tract in Lycia. Strabo (p. 665), whose description proceeds from west to east, after the promontory Telmissus, mentions Anticragus, on which is Carmylessus [CARMYLESSUS], and then Cragus, which has eight summits (or he may mean capes), and a city of the same name. Pinara, in the interior, was at the base of Cragus. There are coins of the town Cragus of the Roman imperial period, with the epigraph Λυκιων Κρ. or Κρα. or Κραγ. The range of Anticragus and Cragus is represented in the map in Spratt and Forbes (Lycia, vol. ii) as running south from the neighbourhood of Telmissus, and forming the western boundary of the lower basin of the river Xanthus. The southern part is Cragus. The direction of the range shows that it must abut on the sea in bold headlands. In Beaufort's map of the coast of Karamania, the Anticragus is marked 6000 feet high. Beaufort's examination of this coast began at “Yedy-Booroon, which means the Seven-Capes, a knot of high and rugged mountains that appear to have been the ancient Mount Cragus of Lycia.” (Karamania, p. 1.) The ruins of Pinara are where Strabo describes them, on the east side of this range, about half way between Telmissus and the termination of the range on the south coast. There is a “pass leading between the summits of Cragus and Anticragus. Between the two chief peaks is a plain 4000 feet above the sea; and above it rises the highest peak of Cragus, more than 2500 feet above this elevated plain. The first half of the ascent from the plain is through a thick forest, and the remainder over bare rock. From the summit there is a view of the whole plain of Xanthus, and of the gorges of the Massicytus, which lies east of it. The side towards the sea is so steep, that from this lofty summit the waves are seen breaking white against the base of this precipitous mountain mass.” (Spratt's and Forbes's Lycia, vol. ii. p. 301.) It appears that Strabo is right when he describes a valley or depression as separating Anticragus and Cragus; and the highest part, which towers above the sea at the Seven Capes, seems to be the eight summits that Strabo speaks of. There was a promontory Cragus, according to Scylax and Pliny (5.27), which must be the Seven Capes. The Hiera Acra of the Stadiasmus seems also to be the Seven Capes. The position of the Cragus between Xanthus and Telmissus is mentioned by Mela (1.15), and he also probably means the same striking part of the range. It is observed, that “there is not in all Europe a wilder or grander scene than this pass through the Seven Capes of Cragus.” (Spratt and


[p. 1.699]

Forbes, vol. i. p. 23.) The rocks and forests of Cragus were embellished by poetic fictions as the occasional residence of Diana. (Hor. Carm. 1.21.) Here, according to the authority quoted by Stephanus (s. v. Κράγος), were the so-called θεῶν ἀγρίων ἄντρα. The site of the city Cragus has not been determined. Leake (Geog. Journal, vol. xii. p. 164) conjectures that Cragus may be the same city as Sidyma, a place that is first mentioned by Pliny. [SIDYMA]

There was a Cragus on the Cilician coast. See ANTIOCHEIA p. 146.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 5.27
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