The opposing forces in Arkansas, December 7th, 1862--September 14th, 1863.The composition, losses, and strength of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records. K stands for killed; w for wounded; m w for mortally wounded; m for captured or missing ; c for captured.
Prairie Grove, December 7th, 1862.
Union: army of the Frontier.--Brig.-Gen. James G. Hunt.First division, Brig.-Gen. James G. Blunt. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Frederick Salomon: 6th Kan. Cav., Col. William R. Judson; 9th Kan. Cav., Col. Edward Lynde; 3d Wis. Cav. (6 co's), Maj. Elias A. Calkins; 9th Wis. Inf. (train guard), Col. Charles E. Salomnon. Brigade loss: m, 1. Second Brigade, Col. William Weer: 3d Indian Home Guard, Col. William A. Phillips; 10th Kan., Maj. Henry H. Williams; 13th Kan., Col. Thomas M. Bowen; 1st Kan. Battery, Lieut. Marcus D. Tenney. Brigade loss:k, 16; w, 117; in, 5= 138. Third Brigade, Col. William F. Cloud: 1st Indian Home Guard, Lieut-Col. Stephen H. Wattles; 2d Kan. Cav., Lieut.-Col. Owen A. Bassett; 11th Kan., Col. Thomas Ewing, Jr.; 2d Ind. Battery, Capt. John W. Rabb; 2d Kan. Battery, Capt. Henry Hopkins. Brigade loss: k, 8; w, 63 =71. Second division, Col. Daniel Huston, Jr. Escort: 1st Mo. Cav. (2 co's), Maj. Charles Banzhaf. First Brigade, Col. John G. Clark: 26th Ind., Col. John G. Clark; 7th Mo. Cav., Maj. Eliphalet Bredett (k), Capt. Wesley R. Love; A, 2d Ill. Art'y, Lieut. Herman Boris. Brigade loss: k, 30; w, 181; m, 132 =343. Second Brigade, Col. William McE. Dye: 37th Ill., Lieut.-Col. John C. Black (w), Maj. Henry M. Frisbie; 20th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Joseph B. Leake; 2d Battalion, 6th Mo. Cav., Maj. Samuel Montgomery; F, 1st Mo. Art'y, Capt. David Murphy. Brigade loss: k, 17; w, 99; m, 38=154. Third division, Brig.-Gen. Francis J. Herron (in command of Second and Third Divisions combined). Escort, etc.: 1st Mo. Cav. (battalion), Maj. James M. Hubbard (c), Capt. Amos L. Burrows. Loss: w, 5; m, 13 = 18. First Brigade, Lieut.-Col. Henry Bertram: 10th Ill. Cav.,1 Lieut.-Col. James Stuart; 1st Iowa Cav.,2 Col. James O. Gower; 1st Battalion, 2d Wis. Cav.,3 Maj. William H. Miller; 20th Wis., Maj. Henry A. Starr; L, 1st Mo. Art'y, Capt. Frank Backof. Brigade loss: k, 51; w, 159; m, 13 = 223. Second Brigade, Col. William W. Orme: 94th 111., Lieut.-Col. John McNulta; 19th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Samuel McFarland (k), Maj. Daniel Kent; 8th Mo. Cav., Col. Washington F. Geiger; E, 1st Mo. Art'y, Lieut. Joseph Foust. Brigade loss: k, 49; w 185; in, 14=248. Unattached: 1st Ark. Cav., Col. M. La Rue Harrison; 14th Mo. S. M. Cav., Col. John M. Richardson. Unattached loss: k, 4; w, 4; m, 47 = 55. Total Union loss: Killed, 174; wounded, 813; captured or missing, 263 = 1251. General Blunt says ( “Official Records,” Vol. XXII., Pt. I., p. 76): “The entire force . . . engaged did not exceed 7000, about 3000 cavalry not having been brought into action.”
Confederate: First Corps, Trans-Mississippi army.--Maj.-Gen. Thomas C. Hindman.Fourth (cavalry) division, Brig.-Gen. John S. Marmaduke. Carroll's Brigade, Col. J. C. Monroe: Ark. Reg't, Maj. John B. Thompson; Ark. Reg't, Maj.----Johnston. Brigade loss: k, 3; w, 12 =15. Shelby's Brigade, Col. Joseph O. Shelby: 1st Mo., Lieut.-Col. B. F. Gordon; 2d Mo., Col. Beal G. Jeans; 3d Mo., Col. G. W. Thompson; Scouts, Maj. B. Elliott; Quantrill's Co., Lieut.----Gregg; Mo. Battery, Capt. H. M. Bledsoe; Mo. Battery, Capt. Westley Roberts. MacDonald's Brigade, Col. Emmett MacDonald: Lane's Tex. Reg't, Lieut.-Col. R. P. Crump; Mo. Reg't, Lieut.-Col. M. L. Young; Ark. Battery, Capt. Henry C. West. Brigade loss: k, 5; w, 22; m, 8=35. There are no official reports of the other divisions engaged, and their composition is not given. Generals Frost and Shoup were the division commanders, and the commanders of brigades were Roane, Fagan, Parsons, McRae, and Shaver. Major-General Thomas C. Hindman says ( “Official Records,” Vol. XXII., Pt. T., p. 140) that he had “for the fight less than 10,000 men of all arms.” He also (ibid, p. 142) reports his loss as 164 killed, 817 wounded, and 336 missing = 1317.
Arkansas Post (Fort Hindman), January 11th, 1863.
Union: army of the Mississippi.4--Major-General John A. McOlernand.Thirteenth Army Corps, Brig.-Gen. George W. Morgan. Escort: A, 3d Ill. Cav., Capt. Richard H. Ballinger. First division, Brig.-Gen. Andrew J. Smith. Escort: C, 4th Ind. Cav., Capt. Joseph P. Lesslie. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge: 16th Ind., Lieut.-Col. John M. Orr (w), Maj. James H. Redfield, Col. Thomas J. Lucas; 60th Ind., Col. Richard Owen; 67th Ind., Col. Frank Emerson (w); 83d Ohio, Lieut.-Col. William H. Baldwin; 96th Ohio, Col. Joseph W. Vance; 23d Wis., Col. Joshua J. Guppey. Brigade loss: k, 37; w, 305; In, 7=349. Second Brigade, Col. William J. Landram: 77th Ill., Col. David P. Grier; 97th Ill., Col. Friend S. Rutherford; 108th Ill., Col. John Warner; 131st Ill. (not in action), Lieut.-Col. R. A. Peter; 19th Ky., Lieut.-Col. John Cowan; 48th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Job R. Parker (w), Capt. S. G. W. Peterson (temporarily). Brigade loss: k, 8; w, 77 = 85. Artillery, Mercantile (Ill.) Battery, Capt. Charles G. Cooley: 17th Ohio Battery, Capt. Ambrose A. Blount. Artillery loss: w, 1. Cavalry: Squadron 6th Mo., Col. Clark Wright. Second division, Brigadier-General Peter J. Osterhaus. First Brigade, Col. Lionel A. Sheldon: 118th Ill., Col. John G. Fonda; 69th Ind., Col. Thomas W. Bennett; 120th Ohio, Col. Daniel French. Brigade loss: k, 3; w, 14; m, 11 = 28. Second Brigade, Col. Daniel W. Lindsey: 49th Ind., Col. James Keigwin; 3d Ky., Capt. Andrew H. Clark; 114th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Horatio B. Maynard. Third Brigade, Col. John F. DeCourcy: 54th Ind., Col. Fielding Manstield; 22d Ky., Maj. William J. Worthington; 16th Ohio, Capt. Eli W. Botsford; 42d Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Don A. Pardee. Artillery: 7th Mich., Capt. Charles H. Lanphere; 1st Wis., Capt. Jacob T. Foster. Ky. Engineers, Capt. W. F. Patterson. Fifteenth Army Corps, Maj.-Gen. William T. Sherman. First division, Brig.-Gen. Frederick Steele. Escort: Kane County (111.) Cav., Capt. William. C. Wilder. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Frank P. Blair, Jr.: 13th Ill., Lieut.-Col. A. B. Gorgas; 29th Mo., Col. John S. Cavender; 30th Mo., Lieut.-Col. Otto Schadt; 31st Mo., Lieut.-Col. Samuel P. Simpson; 32d Mo., Col. Francis H. Manter; 58th Ohio, Capt. Bastian Benkler; 4th Ohio Battery, Capt. Louis Hoffmann. Brigade loss: w, 9. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Charles E. Hovey (w): 25th Iowa, Col. George A. Stone; 31st Iowa, Col. William Smyth; 3d Mo., Col. Isaac F. Shepard; 12th Mo. (not in action), Col. Hugo Wangelin; 17th Mo., Col. F. Hassendeubel; 76th Ohio, Col. Charles R. Woods; 1st Mo. Horse Battery (not in action), Capt. C. Landgraeber. Brigade loss: k, 38; w, 182; m, 2 = 222. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John M. Thayer: 4th Iowa, Col. J. A. Williamson; 9th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. W. H. Coyl; 26th Iowa, Col. Milo Smith; 30th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. W. M. G. Torrence; 34th Iowa, Col. George W. Clark; 1st Iowa Battery, Capt. Henry H. Griffiths. Brigade loss: k, 24; w, 156 =180. Cavalry: 3d Ill., Col. Lafayette McCrillis. Second division, Brig.-Gen. David Stuart. First Brigade, Col. Giles A. Smith: 113th Ill., Col. George B. Hoge; 116th Ill., Lieut.-Col. James P. Boyd; 6th Mo., Lieut.-Col. James H. Blood; 8th Mo., Lieut.-Col. David C. Coleman (w); Maj. Dennis T. Kirby; 13th U. S. (1st Battalion), Maj. Dudley Chase. Brigade loss: k, 18; w, 84 = 102. Second Brigade, Col. T. Kilby Smith: 55th Ill., Lieut.-Col. Oscar Malmborg; 127th Ill., Col. J. Van Arman; 83d Ind., Col. Benjamin J. Spooner; 54th Ohio, Capt. S. B. Yoeman (w); 57th Ohio, Col. William Mungen, Brigade loss: k, 6; w, 70; m, 9 =85. Artillery: A, 1st Ill., Capt. Peter P. Wood; B, 1st Ill., Capt. Samuel E. Barrett; H, 1st Ill.. Lieut. Levi W. Hart; 8th Ohio, Lieut. J. F. Putnam. Cavalry: A and B, Thielemann's (Ill.) Battalion, Capt. Berthold Marschner; C, 10th Mo., Lieut. Daniel W. Ballon. The total loss of the Union Army was 134 killed, 898 wounded, and 29 missing =1061. The strength of McClernand's expeditionary force was about “32,000 infantry, 1000 cavalry, and 40 or more pieces of artillery.” (See “Official Records,” Vol. XVII., Pt. II., p. 553.)
The Confederate forces.--Brigadier-General Thomas J. Churchill.First Brigade, Col. Robert R. Garland: 6th Tex., Lieut.-Col. T. S. Anderson; 24th Tex. Cav. (dismounted), Col. F. C. Wilkes; 25th Tex, Cav. (dismounted), Col. C. C. Gillespie; Ark. Battery, Capt. William Hart; La. Cav., Capt. W. B. Denson. Brigade loss: k, 25; w, 64; in, 68=157. Second Brigade, Col. James Deshler: 10th Tex., Col. Roger Q. Mills; 15th Tex. Cav. (dismounted), Maj. V. P. Sanders; 17th Tex. Cav. (dismounted), Col. James R. Taylor; 18th Tex. Cav. (dismounted), Lieut.-Col. John T. Colt. Brigade loss not separately reported. Third Brigade (composition probably incomplete), Col. John W. Dunnington: 19th Ark., Lieut.-Col. A. S. Hutchinson. Miscellaneous: 24th Ark. (detachment), Col. E. E. Portlock, Jr.; Tex. Cav., Capt. Alfred Johnson; La. Cav., Capt. L. M. Nutt; Tex. Cav., Capt. Samuel J. Richardson. General Churchill says ( “Official Records,” Vol. XVII., Pt. I., p. 782): “My loss will not exceed 60 killed and 75 or 80 wounded.” He also states (ibid, p. 780) that the whole force under his command numbered about 3000 effective men. General McClernand (ibid, p. 708) reports 5000 prisoners captured, and General Sherman (ibid, p. 757) says that 4791 prisoners of war were embarked on transports.
Helena, July 4th, 1863.
Union: District of eastern Arkansas.--Maj.-Gen. B. M. Prentiss.Thirteenth division (Thirteenth Army Corps), Brig.-Gen. Frederick Salomon. First Brigade, Col. William E. McLean: 43d Ind., Lieut.-Col. John C. Major; 35th Mo., Lieut.-Col. Horace Fitch; 28th Wis., Lieut.-Col. Edmund B. Gray. Brigade loss: k, 9; w, 28; m, 5 = 42. Second Brigade, Col. Samuel A. Rice: 29th Iowa, Col. Thomas H. Benton, Jr.; 33d Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Cyrus H. Mackey; 36th Iowa, Col. Charles W. Kittredge; 33d Mo., Lieut.-Col. William H. Heath. Brigade loss: k, 43; w, 99; m, 30 = 172. Cavalry Brigade, Col. Powell Clayton: 1st Ind., Lieut.-Col. Thomas N. Pace; 5th Kan., Lieut.-Col. Wilton A. Jenkins. Brigade loss: k, 5; w, 18; mn, 1=24. Artillery, 3d Iowa, Lieut. Melvil C. Wright; K, 1st Mo., Lieut. John O'Connell. Artillery loss, w, 1. Unattached: 2d Ark. (colored)----. Total Union loss: killed, 57; wounded, 146; captured or missing, 36 = 239. Effective strength: 4129.
Confederate: District of Arkansas.--Lieut.-Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes.Price's division, Maj.-Gen. Sterling Price. McRae's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Dandridge McRae: 32d Ark., Col. L. C. Gause; 36th Ark., Col. J. E. Glenn; 39th Ark., Col. R. A. Hart (w); Ark. Battery, Capt. John G. Marshall. Brigade loss: k, 46; w, 168; m, 133 = 347. Parsons's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. M. Monroe Parsons: 7th Mo., Col. L. M. Lewis; 8th Mo., Col. S. P. Burns; 9th Mo., Col. J, D. White; 10th Mo., Col. A. C. Pickett; 1st Battalion Sharp-shooters, Maj. L. A. Pindall; Mo. Battery, Capt. C. B. Tilden. Brigade loss: k, 62; w, 304; m, 365 = 731. Fagan's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. J. F. Fagan: 6th Ark., Col. A. T. Hawthorn; 34th Ark., Col. W. H. Brooks; 35th Ark., Col. J. P. King; 37th Ark., Col. S. S. Bell (c), Maj. T. H. Blacknall; Denson's Cav. (3 co's), Capt. W. B. Denson; Ark. Battery (section), Lieut. John C. Arnett; Ark. Battery, Capt. W. D. Blocker. Brigade loss: k, 47; w, 115; m, 273 = 435. Walker's division, Brig.-Gen. L. M. Walker. 5th Ark. Cav., Col. Robert C. Newton; Ark. Cav., Col. Archibald S. Dobbin. Loss: k, 4; w, 8 =12. Marmaduke's division, Brig.-Gen. J. S. Marmaduke. Staff loss: k, 1. Greene's Brigade, Col. Colton Greene: 3d-Mo. Cav.,----; 8th Mo. Cav., ; Young's Battalion,----. Brigade loss : k, 5; w, 7 = 12. Shelby's Brigade, Col. Joseph O. Shelby (w): 5th Mo. Cav.,----; 6th Mo. Cav.,---; Jeans's Regiment,----; Mo. Battery (Bledsoe's),----. Brigade loss: k, 8; w, 45; m, 1=54. Total Confederate loss: killed, 173; wounded, 687; captured or missing, 776 = 1636. Effective strength, 7646.
Little Rock expedition, August 1st-September 14th, 1863.
The Union army.--Maj.-Gen. Frederick Steele.Escort: D, 3d Ill. Cav., Lieutenant James K. McLean; Kane County (Ill.) Cav., Lieutenant Eben C. Litherland. First (cavalry) division, Brig.-Gen. John W. Davidson. First Brigade, Col. Washington F. Geiger, Col. Lewis Merrill: 2d Mo., Maj. Garrison Harker; 7th Mo., Lieut.-Col. John L. Chandler; 8th Mo., Lieut.-Col. J. W. Lisenby, Col. Washington F. Geiger. Second Brigade, Col. John M. Glover: 10th Ill., Col. Dudley Wickersham, Lieut.-Col. James Stuart; 1st Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Daniel Anderson, Maj. Joseph W. Caldwell; 3d Mo., Lieut.-Col. T. G. Black. Reserve Brigade, Col. John F. Ritter: 13th Ill., Maj. Lothar Lippert; 3d Iowa., Maj. George Duffield; 32d Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Edward H. Mix, Maj. Gustavus A. Eberhart; 1st Mo., Capt. J. W. Fuller. Artillery, Capt. Julius L. Hadley: K, 2d Mo., Lieut. T. S. Clarkson; M, 2d Mo., Capt. Gustav Stange; 25th Ohio, Capt. Julius L. Hadley. Second division, Col. William E. McLean, Col. Adolph Engelmann. First Brigade, Col. William H. Graves: 18th Ill., Col. Daniel H. Brush; 43d Ill., Maj. Charles Stephani; 54th Ill., Col. Greenville M. Mitchell; 61st Ill., Lieut.-Col. Simon P. Ohr; 106th Ill., Lieut.-Col. Henry Yates; 12th Mich., Lieut.-Col. Dwight May. Second Brigade, Col. Oliver Wood: 126th Ill., Lieut.-Col. Ezra M. Beardsley; 40th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Samuel F. Cooper; 3d Minn., Col. Christopher C. Andrews; 22d Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Homer Thrall; 27th Wis., Col. Conrad Krez. Third division, Brig.-Gen. Samuel A. Rice. First Brigade, Col. Charles W. Kittredge: 43d Ind., Lieut.-Col. John C. Major; 36th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Francis M. Drake; 77th Ohio, Col. William B. Mason. Second Brigade, Col. Thomas H. Benton, Jr.: 29th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Robert F. Patterson; 33d Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Cyrus H. Mackey; 28th Wis., Maj. Calvert C. White. Cavalry Brigade, Col. Powell Clayton: 1st. Ind., Lieut.-Col. Thomas N. Pace; 5th Kans., Lieut.-Col. Wilton A. Jenkins. Artillery, Capt. Mortimer M. Haden: 3d Iowa, Lieut. Melvil C. Wright; K, 1st Mo., Capt. Stillman O. Fish; 5th Ohio, Lieut. John D. Burner; 11th Ohio, Capt. Frank C. Sands. Unattached Brigade, Col. James M. True; 49th Ill., Col. Phineas Pease; 62d Ill., Lieut.-Col. Stephen M. Meeker; 50th Ind., Lieut.-Col. Samuel T. Wells; 27th Iowa, Col. James I. Gilbert; 11. Battery, Capt. Thomas F. Vaughn. At the beginning of the campaign the Union forces aggregated about 12,000 for duty. (See “Official Records,” Vol. XXII., Pt. I., p. 475.) From Devall's Bluff, Sept. 1, General Steele reported that his force, for duty, was considerably short of 12,000 (ibid, p. 474). According to the return for Sept. 10th (ibid, Part II., p. 523), the “present for duty” amounted to 10,477. The total loss was 18 killed, 118 wounded, and 1 missing = 137.
Confederate: District of Arkansas.--Maj.-Gen. Sterling Price.Walker's division, Brig.-Gen. Lucius Marsh Walker, Col. Archibald S. Dobbin, Col. Robert C. Newton. Arkansas Cavalry Brigade, Col. Archibald S. Dobbin, Col. Robert C. Newton: Dobbin's regiment, Maj. Samuel Corley (k); Newton's regiment, Col. Robert C. Newton, Maj. John P. Bull. Texas Cavalry Brigade (composition not stated), Col. George W. Carter. Artillery: Ark. Battery, Capt. C. B. Etter; Tex. Battery, Capt. J. H. Pratt. Miscellaneous Commands: Spy Company, Capt. Alf. Johnson; La. Cav. Company, Capt. W. B. Denson; Tex. Squadron, Maj. C. L. Morgan. Marmaduke's division, Brig.-Gen. John S. Marmnaduke. Marmaduke's Brigade, Col. William L. Jeffers: Jeffers's regiment, Lieut.-Col. S. J. Ward; Kitchen's regiment, Col. S. G. Kitchen; Burbridge's regiment, Lieut.-Col. W. J. Preston; Greene's regiment, Maj. L. A. Campbell; Young's Battalion, Lieut.-Col. M. L. Young; Bell's Battery, Lieut. C. O. Bell (m w). Shelby's Brigade, Lieut.-Col. B. Frank Gordon, Col. G. W. Thompson: Elliott's Battalion, Maj. Benjamin Elliott; Gordon's regiment, Capt. George Gordon; Thompson's regiment, Lieut.-Col. J. C. Hooper; Gilkey's regiment, Col. C. A. Gilkey (m w); Jeans's regiment, Capt. R . . Adams; Bledsoe's Battery, Capt. Joseph Bledsoe. Unattached Artillery: Mo. Battery, Capt. S. T. Ruffner; Mo. Battery, Capt. R. A. Collins. Price's division, Brig.-Gen. D. M. Frost. [Consisted of Fagan's, Parsons's, McRae's, and Clark's brigades; Tappan's brigade unattached. The composition of these brigades is not given in detail.] Strength of Confederate forces: General Price says ( “Official Records,” Vol. XXII., Part I., p. 521) that he “had barely 8000 men of all arms.” Losses: An incomplete statement of casualties ( “Official Records,” as above, p. 523) shows 12 killed, 34 wounded, and 18 captured or missing = 64. 
|Chickasaw Bayou and the Vicksburg bluffs. (the cannon indicate the position of General Morgan L. Smith's Union division.) from a War-time sketch.|