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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Andrews, George Leonard, 1828- (search)
Andrews, George Leonard, 1828- Military officer; born in Bridgewater, Mass., Aug. 31, 1828; was graduated at West Point in 1851, entering the engineer corps. He resigned in 1855. In 1861 he became first lieutenant-colonel and then colonel of the 2d Massachusetts Regiment. He was made brigadier-general in 1862, and led a brigade in Banks's expedition in Louisiana and against Port Hudson in 1863. He assisted in the capture of Mobile, and was appointed Professor of French at West Point Feb. 27, 1871; was retired Aug. 31, 1892; and died April 4, 1899.
in the North had been so stripped of defenders, by Floyd, Buchanan's Secretary of War, that the government was threatened with sudden paralysis. On the day after the battle of Bull Run (q. v.), General McClellan, then in western Virginia, was summoned to Washington and placed in charge of the shattered army there. The Departments of Washington and of Northeastern Virginia were created and placed under the command of McClellan. The Department of the Shenandoah was also created, and Gen. N. P. Banks was placed in command of it, relieving Major-General Patterson. McClellan turned over the command of the troops in western Virginia to General Rosecrans, and on July 27 he entered with zeal upon the duty of reorganizing the army in the vicinity of the national capital. He brought to the service youth, a spotless moral character, robust health, untiring industry, a good theoretical military education, the prestige of recent success, and the unlimited confidence of the loyal people. Ha
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894 (search)
Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894 Military officer; born in Waltham, Mass., Jan. 30, 1816. His early education was obtained at a common school. He became a lawyer and Democratic orator; edited a newspaper in Waltham and Lowell; and during ty on the question of slavery; and, after a long contest, was elected speaker of the House of Representatives in 1855. Mr. Banks was chosen governor of Massachusetts in 1858, and served until 1861. When the Civil War broke out he Nathaniel PrentNathaniel Prentiss Banks. was president of the Illinois Central Railroad. Offering his services to President Lincoln, he was made a major-general of volunteers May 16, 1861, and appointed to command the Annapolis military district. General Banks was an active andGeneral Banks was an active and skilful leader in various battles during the war in Virginia and in the region of the lower Mississippi and Red rivers. In 1865-73, 1875-77, and 1889-91 he was a Representative in Congress, and subsequently he was United States marshal. He died i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brashear City, military operations near. (search)
hole country was half submerged by the superabundant waters of the Mississippi and its tributaries. A single railroad passed through this country from New Orleans to Brashear City, on the Atchafalaya, a distance of 80 miles, at which point the waters of the great bayou Teche meet those of the Atchafalaya and others. Near Pattersonville, on the Teche, the Confederates had erected fortifications, and gathered troops to dispute the passage of these important waters by National gunboats. Gen. N. P. Banks, in command of the Department of the Gulf, determined to expel the armed Confederates from Brashear City and its vicinity. An expedition for that purpose was led by Gen. Godfrey Weitzel, accompanied by a squadron of gunboats, under Com. McKean Buchanan, brother of the commander of the Merrimac (q.v.). They penetrated to Brashear City, and then proceeded (Jan. 11, 1863) to attack the works near Pattersonville. Weitzel's infantry were placed in the gunboats, and his cavalry and artiller
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Butler, Benjamin Franklin, 1818-1893 (search)
operations there were paralyzed, and General Butler, as a state policy and for humane purposes, confiscated the entire property of the district, appointed a commission to take charge of it, and set the negroes to work, by which they were subsisted and the crops saved. Two congressional districts in Louisiana were thus repossessed, and the loyal citizens of New Orleans elected to seats in Congress Benjamin F. Flanders and Michael Hahn. In December, 1862, General Butler was succeeded by Gen. N. P. Banks (q. v.). in command of the Department of the Gulf. Late in 1863, he was placed in command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, and his force was designated the Army of the James. After an unsuccessful expedition against Fort Fisher, in December, 1864, General Butler retired to his residence in Massachusetts. He was elected to Congress in 1866, and was one of the principal managers of the House of Representatives in conducting the impeachment of President Johnson. He was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
irmish near Coffeeville, Miss.—6. Confederates repulsed at Cane Hill, Ark.— 7. California steamer Ariel captured by the Alabama.—9. Concordia, on the Mississippi, burned by Union troops.—10. National gunboats shell and destroy most of the town of Front Royal, Va.—11. Skirmish on the Blackwater, Va., and National troops pushed back to Suffolk.— 12. National gunboat Cairo blown up by a torpedo on the Yazoo.—13. National troops surprise and capture Confederates at Tuscumbia, Ala.—14. Gen. N. P. Banks succeeded General Butler in command of the Department of the Gulf. Plymouth, N. C., destroyed by Confederates.—15. Confederate salt-works at Yellville, Ark., destroyed.—21. A body of Union cavalry destroyed important railroad bridges in eastern Tennessee, with locomotives, and captured 500 prisoners and 700 stand of arms.—23. Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation directing retaliatory measures to be taken because of the course of General Butler in New Orleans, and doom
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kossuth, Lajos (Louis) 1802- (search)
ry wrote: The circumstances attending the reception of Kossuth constituted one of the most extraordinary spectacles the New World had ever yet beheld. He returned to Europe in July. Speech in Faneuil Hall. The following is the first of three speeches made in Faneuil Hall, Boston, in April and May, this occasion being a public meeting. He had been welcomed to the State by Gov. George S. Boutwell, to the Senate by President Henry Wilson, and to the House of Representatives by Speaker Nathaniel P. Banks. A legislative banquet followed the delivery of the speech here given: Ladies and Gentlemen,—Do me the justice to believe that I rise not with any pretension to eloquence within the Cradle of American Liberty. If I were standing upon the ruins of Prytaneum, and had to speak whence Demosthenes spoke, my tongue would refuse to obey, my words would die away upon my lips, and I would listen to the winds fraught with the dreadful realization of his unheeded prophecies. Spirit o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
., 1825 Marcus MortonDem.-Rep.Feb. to July, 1825 Levi LincolnDemocrat.1825 to 1834 John DavisWhig.1834 to March, 1835 Samuel T. ArmstrongWhig.March, 1835. to 1836 Edward EverettWhig.1836 to 1840 Marcus MortonWhig.1840 to 1841 John DavisDemocrat.1841 to 1843 Marcus MortonWhig.1843 to 1844 George N. BriggsDemocrat.1844 to 1851 George S. BoutwellWhig.1851 to 1853 John H. CliffordDem. & F. S.1853 to 1854 Emory WashburnWhig.1854 to 1855 Henry J. GardnerRepublican.1855 to 1858 Nathaniel P. BanksRepublican.1858 to 1861 governors under the State Constitution— Continued. Name.Party.Term. John A. AndrewsRepublican.1861 to 1866 Alexander H. BullockRepublican.1866 to 1869 William ClaflinRepublican.1869 to 1872 William B. WashburnRepublican.1872 to May, 1874 Thomas TalbotRepublican.May to Dec., 1874 William GastonDemocrat.1875 to 1876 Alexander H. RiceRepublican.1876 to 1879 Thomas TalbotRepublican.1879 to 1880 John D. LongRepublican.1880 to 1884 Benjamin F. ButlerD
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Presidential elections. (search)
. Blair, JrMoDem80 1872. Ulysses S. Grant*Ill.Rep3,597,070762,991286Henry Wilson*Mass.Rep286 Horace GreeleyN. Y.D. & L.2,834,079(g)B. Gratz BrownMoD. L.47 Charles O'ConorN. Y.Dem29,408John Q. AdamsMass.Dem James BlackPa.Temp5,608John RussellMich.Temp Thomas A. HendricksInd.Dem42George W. JulianInd.Lib5 B. Gratz BrownMo.Dem18A. H. ColquittGaDem5 Charles J. JenkinsGa.Dem2John M. PalmerIll.Dem3 David DavisIll.Ind.1T. E. BramletteKyDem3 W. S. GroesbeckO.Dem1 Willis B. MachenKyDem1 N. P. BanksMass.Lib1 1876. Samuel J. TildenN. Y.Dem4,284,885250,235184T. A. HendricksInd.Dem184 Rutherford B. Hayes*O.Rep4,033,950(h) 185William A. Wheeler*N. Y.Rep185 Peter CooperN. Y.Gre'nb81,740Samuel F. CaryO.Gre'nb Green Clay SmithKyPro.9,522Gideon T. StewartO.Pro James B. WalkerIll.Amer2,636D. KirkpatrickN. Y.Amer 1880. James A. Garfield*O.Rep4,449,0537,018214Chester A. Arthur*N. Y.Rep214 W. S. HancockPa.Dem4,442,035155William H. EnglishInd.Dem155 James B. WeaverIowaGre'nb307,306B. J.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Speaker of Congress, the (search)
enry ClayKentucky17771852 191825-27John W. TaylorNew York17841854 20-231827-34Andrew StevensonVirginia17841857 231834-35John BellTennessee 17971869 24, 251835-39James K. PolkTennessee17951849 261839-41R. M. T. HunterVirginia18091887 271841-43John WhiteKentucky18051845 281843-45John W. JonesVirginia18051848 291845-47John W. DavisIndiana17991850 301847-49Robert C. WinthropMassachusetts18091894 311849-51Howell CobbGeorgia18151868 32, 331851-55Linn BoydKentucky18001859 341855-57Nathaniel P. BanksMassachusetts18161894 351857-59James L. OrrSouth Carolina18221873 361859-61William PenningtonNew Jersey 17961862 371861-63Galusha A. GrowPennsylvania1823 38-401863-69Schuyler ColfaxIndiana18231885 41-431869-75James G. BlaineMaine18301893 441875-76Michael C. KerrIndiana18271876 44-461876-81Samuel J. RandallPennsylvania18281890 471881-83John W. KeiferOhio1836 48-501883-89John G. CarlisleKentucky1835 511889-91Thomas B. ReedMaine1839 52, 531891-95Charles F. CrispGeorgia18451896
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