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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 47 1 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition. 12 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition. 6 0 Browse Search
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 1. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier) 4 0 Browse Search
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 5. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier) 4 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 2 0 Browse Search
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 4. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Castine, Vincent, Baron De 1665- (search)
er, and married the daughter of a Penobscot chief. By him Christianity was first introduced among the natives of that region. He gained great influence over them. During his absence in 1688, his establishment was pillaged by the English, and he became their bitter foe. He taught the Indians around him the use of fire-arms, and he frequently co-operated with them in their attacks on the northeastern frontier. In 1696, with 200 Indians, he assisted Iberville in the capture of the fort at Pemaquid. In 1706-7 he assisted in the defence of Port Royal, and was wounded. He lived in America thirty years, when he returned to France, leaving Fort Castine and the domain around it to his half-breed son and successor in title. The young baron was really a friend to the English, but, being at the head of the Penobscot Indians, and suspected of being an enemy, he was surprised and captured in 1721,. taken to Boston, and imprisoned several months. His name is perpetuated in the town of Castin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dongan, Thomas, 1634-1715 (search)
ted lieutenant-governor of Tangier, Africa, whence he was recalled in 1680. The relations between England and France were then delicate, and Dongan being a Roman Catholic, like the proprietor of New York, he was chosen by Duke James governor of that province (1683), as it was thought his experience in France might make it easier to keep up friendly relations with the French on the borders. Dongan caused a company of merchants in New York to be formed for the management of the fisheries at Pemaquid, a part of the duke's domain, and he took measures to protect the territory from encroachments. Dongan managed the relations between the English, French, and Indians with dexterity. He was not deceived by the false professions of the French rulers or the wiles of the Jesuit priests; and when De Nonville (q. v.)invaded the country of the Five Nations (1686) he showed himself as bold as this leader in defence of the rights of Englishmen. Dongan sympathized with the people of his province
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Frontenac, Louis de Buade, Count de 1620- (search)
land and naval force sent against Canada. He was in Montreal when an Indian runner told him of the approach to the St. Lawrence of Colonel Schuyler (see King William's War). Frontenac, then seventy years of age, called out his Indian allies, and, taking a tomahawk in his hand, he danced the war-dance, and chanted the war-song in their presence and then led them successfully against the foe. He afterwards repulsed Phipps at Quebec, having been informed of his expedition by an Indian runner from Pemaquid. So important was that repulse considered that King Louis caused a medal to be struck with the legend, France victorious in the New world. This success was followed by an expedition sent by Frontenac against the Mohawks in 1696; and he led forces in person against the Onondagas the same year. Frontenac was the terror of the Iroquois, for his courage and activity were wonderful. He restored the fallen fortunes of France in America, and died soon afterwards, in Quebec, Nov. 28, 1698.
space of three months 100 persons were murdered. Then came disputes arising out of the claims Lumbering in Maine. of the Duke of York (to whom Charles II. had given New Netherland) to the country between the Kennebec and St. Croix rivers, which in 1683 had been constituted Cornwall county, of the province of New York, over which Sir Edmund Andros (q. v.) was made governor. Massachusetts, however, continued to hold possession of the whole province of Maine, excepting at Sagadahock and Pemaquid. But when the duke became king (see James II.) the charter of Massachusetts was forfeited, and Andros ruled Maine with cruelty. The Revolution of 1688 restored the former political status of Massachusetts, and thenceforth the history of the province of Maine is identified with that of Massachusetts. It remained a part of that province until March 15, 1820, when it was admitted into the Union as the twenty-third State. In 1890 the population was 661,086; in 1900, 694,466. During the R
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North, William 1755-1836 (search)
North, William 1755-1836 Military officer; born in Fort Frederick, Pemaquid, Me., in 1755; entered the army of the Revolution in 1775: led a company in the battle of Monmouth, and, in 1779, became an aide to Baron de Steuben. He accompanied the baron into Virginia, and was at the surrender of Cornwallis. North was so beloved by Steuben that the latter willed him half his property. From July, 1798, to June, 1800, he was adjutant and inspector-general of the United States army, with the rank of brigadier-general. He was a member and speaker of the New York Assembly; United States Senator in 1789-99; one of the first canal commissioners of New York; and, in 1812, declined the appointment of adjutant-general of the army. He died in New York City, Jan. 3, 1836. North Carolina, State of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pemaquid. (search)
Pemaquid. On Feb. 29, 1631, the President and Council for New England granted to Robert Aldworth and Giles Elbridge 100 acres of land for every person whom they should transport to the province of Maine within seven years, who should continue there three years, and an absolute grant of 12,000 acres of land as their proper inled Fort William Henry, and was garrisoned by sixty men. There, in 1693, a treaty was made with the Indians, by which they acknowledged subjection to the crown Pemaquid. of England, and delivered hostages as a pledge of their fidelity; but, instigated by the French, they violated the treaty the next year. The French, regarding the fort at Pemaquid as controlling all Acadia., determined to expel the English from it. An expedition against it was committed to Iberville and Bonaventure, who anchored at Pentagoet, Aug. 7, 1696, where they were joined by the Baron de Castine, with 200 Indians. These auxiliaries went forward in canoes, the French in their
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Phipps, Sir William 1631- (search)
Phipps, Sir William 1631- Royal governor; born in Pemaquid (now Bristol), Me., Feb. 2, 1631; was one of twenty-six children by the same father and mother, twenty-one of whom were sons. Nurtured in comparative poverty in childhood and youth, he was at first a shepherd-boy, and at eighteen years of age became an apprentice to a ship-carpenter. He went to Boston in 1673, where he learned to read and write. In 1684 he went to England to procure means to recover a treasureship wrecked near the Bahamas. With a ship furnished by the government, he was unsuccessful; but with another furnished by the Duke of Albemarle, he recovered treasure to the amount of about $1,400,000, of which his share amounted to about $75,000. The King knighted him, and he was appointed high sheriff of New England. In 1690, in command of a fleet, he captured Port Royal (Acadia), and late in the same year he led an unsuccessful expedition against Quebec. Phipps went to England in 1692 to solicit another exp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Port Royal, capture of (search)
Port Royal, capture of In 1690, the Indians having taken the fort at Pemaquid, and French privateers from Acadia infesting the coasts of New England, the General Court of Massachusetts determined to seize Port Royal, N. S. A fleet of eight small vessels, bearing about 800 men, under the command of Sir William Phipps, sailed for that purpose on April 28. The weak fort was surrendered without resistance, and the whole seacoast from that town to the northeast settlements was taken possession of by Sir William.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quebec. (search)
Quebec. The New England colonies and New York formed a bold design, in 1690, to subject Canada to the crown of England. An armament was fitted out for operations by sea and land. The naval arm of the service was placed under the command of Sir William Phipps, who, without charts or pilots, crawled cautiously along the shores around Acadia and up the St. Lawrence, consuming nine weeks on the passage. A swift Indian runner had carried news of the expedition from Pemaquid to Frontenac, at Montreal, in time to allow him to hasten to Quebec and strengthen the fortifications there. Phipps did not arrive until Oct. 5. Immediate operations were necessary on account of the lateness of the season. He sent a flag demanding the instant surrender of the city and fortifications. His summons was treated with disdain. After being prevented from landing near the city by a gale, he debarked a large body of his troops at the Isle of Orleans, about 3 miles below the town, where they were attac
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Samoset, 1590- (search)
Samoset, 1590- Chief of the Pemaquid Indians; born in New England about 1590. In March, 1621, a naked Indian, who had learned a few words of English from the fishermen at Pemaquid, suddenly appeared in the streets of Plymouth, Mass., and startled the Pilgrims by the exclamation, Welcome, Englishmen! Welcome, Englishmen! He was Samoset, and gave them much information. He told them of the plague that had swept off the Indians about four years before, and that the place where they were seated was called Patuxet. He told them of Massasoit (q. v.). He brought to the settlement some of the friendly Indians, among them Squanto, whom Weymouth had kidnapped and given to Gorges. Squanto taught them how to plant maize, to catch a certain fish wherewith to manure their lands, and late in the season he guided ambassadors from Plymouth to the court of Massasoit at pokanoKet, afterwards Warren, R. I.
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