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djutant-general stating that the condition of public affairs rendered my immediate presence in Washington necessary, and directing me to turn over my command to the next in rank, who happened to be Gen. Rosecrans. I started next morning at daylight, rode on horseback sixty miles to the nearest railway station, and took the cars to Wheeling, where I found my wife awaiting me, and then proceeded to Washington, which I reached on the 26th of July, 1861. Immediately after the affair of Rich Mountain I was instructed by Gen. Scott to release upon parole all the prisoners I had taken, with the exception of such as had left the United States service with the evident intention of joining that of the secessionists. Col. John Pegram and a surgeon (Dr. Campbell) were the only ones who came under the latter category; and the order was promptly carried out in regard to the others. From the moment the prisoners came into my hands they were treated with the utmost kindness. The private ba
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them., Chapter 3: private letters of Gen. McClellan to his wife. [June 21 to July 21, 1861.] (search)
in sight, and I am about sending out a strong armed reconnoissance to feel him and see what he is. I have been looking at their camps with my glass; they are strongly entrenched, but I think I can come the Cerro Gordo over them. Telegram--Rich Mountain, July 12, 1861.--Have met with complete success; captured the enemy's entire camp, guns, tents, wagons, etc. Many prisoners, among whom several officers. Enemy's loss severe, ours very small. No officers lost on our side. I turned the posin respect to Staunton would be admirable, like your other conceptions and acts. I value that old man's praise very highly, and wrote him a short note last night telling him so. I enclose some scraps clipped off a dirty rebel flag captured at Rich Mountain. . . . Am engaged now in arranging to march home the three-months men to be reorganized, and in clearing up matters generally. . . . I suppose McDowell drove the enemy from Manassas Junction yesterday; if so the way will be pretty well cle
, 62 ; popular enthusiasm, 57, 59, 60; preparations, 57 ; fighting doubtful, his desire, 59 ; great responsibility. Western troops, 60; complimented by Scott, Rich Mountain, 61, 63, 64 ; Pegram captured, press and telegraph, 64; Kanawha plans, confidence of troops, short-term troops, 65 ; summoned to Washington, 55. At Washingt, 351, 367, 368 ; results of Porter's victories, 373-375 ; immediate advance to, impracticable, 385, 466 ; advance to, from Harrison's Landing, 491-497. Rich Mountain, W. Va., 61-63. Ricketts, Gen. T. B., in Pope's campaign, 509 ; South Mountain, 579-581 ; Antietam, 590. Roach, Col., 302. Robertson, Capt., at Gaines's Mill,, Va., 227, 235, 254, 262, 282, 283, 294, 297, 304, 318 337. West Virginia campaign, 46-65; proclamation, 50 ; delays, 58. 59; beautiful country, 59, 62, 63 ; Rich Mountain, Garnett killed, 63 ; Couch checked, plans, 65. White House, Va., 341, 342, 356, 357, 360. White Oak Swamp, Va., 366, 377-379, 381 ; battles at, 426-434.
Staffs239 Miscellaneous—Bands, etc232 2,494,592101,207178,9753,5302,778,304359,528 Confederate generals killed in battle group no. 3 Brig.-Gen. Benjamin McCulloch, Pea Ridge, Marc 7, 1862. Brig.-Gen. Bernard E. Bee, First Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Maj.-Gen. John Pegram, Hatcher's Run, February 6, 1865. Brig.-Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer, Mill Springs, January 19, 1862. Brig.-Gen. Francis S. Bartow, First Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Brig.-Gen. Robert Selden Garnett, Rich Mountain, July 13, 1861. Deaths from all causes in Union armies CauseOfficersEnlisted MenTotal Killed and died of wounds6,365103,705110,070 Died of disease2,712197,008199,720 In prison8324,87324,866 Accidents1423,9724,114 Drowning1064,8384,944 Sunstroke5308313 Murdered37483520 Killed after capture1490104 Suicide26365391 Military execution267267 Executed by enemy46064 Causes unclassified621,9722,034 Cause not stated2812,09312,121 Totals9,584349,944359,528 Deaths in C
42) was born at Kingston, Ohio, September 6, 1818. He served in the Engineer Corps and as assistant professor at West Point. In 1854, he resigned from the army to practise architecture and civil engineering, but at the outbreak of the Civil War he tendered his services to the Government and was made brigadier-general of the regular army, and major-general of volunteers in March, 1862. He succeeded McClellan at the head of the army of occupation in western Virginia after his victory at Rich Mountain, and held it until Major-General Fremont took charge of the Mountain Department, March 29, 1862. From June 26th until the end of October, Rosecrans was Pope's successor in the Army of the Mississippi and, taking command of the District of Corinth, he defeated the Confederate forces at Iuka and Corinth. He now replaced Buell in the Army of the Cumberland. As general commanding he won the battle of Stone's River, but was defeated at Chickamauga, and was succeeded by Major-General George
kept the port open. After the war he served in the army of Maximilian, and after the fall of the Mexican empire settled in Houston, Texas, where he died, February 19, 1871. Army of the Northwest The troops assigned to operate in northwestern Virginia were placed under the command of Brigadier-General R. S. Garnett on June 8, 1861, and were subsequently known as the Army of the Northwest. This was the force that opposed McClellan and Rosecrans in West Virginia, and was defeated at Rich Mountain and other places. On July 13th, Garnett was killed while retreating, and Brigadier-General Henry R. Jackson was put in command, to be superseded, within a week, by Brigadier-General W. W. Loring. Early in 1862, dissension arose between Loring and T. J. Jackson, commanding the Valley District (Department of Northern Virginia), which led to the latter preferring charges against the commander of the Army of the Northwest. As a result, the Secretary of War, on February 9, 1862, divided th
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Notes on Ewell's division in the campaign of 1862. (search)
guns captured. At this time the two brigades of General Edward Johnson's army, now permanently attached to this division, were officered as follows: Twenty-fifth Virginia regiment, Colonel George Smith; Thirty-first Virginia regiment, Colonel-------; Forty-fourth Virginia regiment, Colonel-------; Fifty-second Virginia regiment, Colonel-------; Fifty-eighth Virginia regiment, Colonel S. H. Letcher; Twelfth Georgia, Colonel Z. T. Conner. Colonel Smith had been taken and paroled at Rich Mountain-rejoined his Regiment a day or two before the fight at Port Republic and was wounded there. Just recovered from that wound, he was again wounded in the first day's (Thursday's) fighting at Manassas. Colonel Conner had behaved extremely well at McDowell, but General Jackson having left his regiment at Front Royal, he stampeded from there in great haste on Shield's approach, and was placed under arrest for misbehavior in the face of the enemy charges for cowardice being at the same tim
On the night of June 2d he was attacked by General McClellan, with a strong force, and withdrew to Laurel Hill. Reenforcements under General Garnett were sent forward and occupied the hill, while Colonel Pegram, the second in command, held Rich Mountain. On July 11th the latter was attacked by two columns of the enemy, and after a vigorous defense, fell back on the 12th, losing many of his men, who were made prisoners. General Garnett, hearing of this reverse, attempted to fall back, but wosition, and thus caused the sacrifice of those who had patriotically come to repel the invasion of the very people who furnished the guides to the enemy. It was treachery confounding the counsels of the brave. Thus occurred the disaster of Rich Mountain and Laurel Hill. General Robert Garnett was a native of Virginia and a graduate of the United States Military Academy. He served in Mexico, on the staff of General Z. Taylor, and was conspicuous for gallantry and good conduct, especially
all for troops, 355. Relief squadron, 244. Republican convention, 42. Party, 44-45. Explanation, 31-32. Growth, 32. Convention, 42. Party (original) (See Democratic party). Reynolds, Lt. Governor of Missouri, 361. Rhett, —, 205, 206. Rhode Island, 63. Rhode Island Delegates to Philadelphia convention, 77, 85. Ratification of Constitution, 90, 96, 108, 129. Letter to President and Congress, 97. Constitutional amendment proposed, 125. Rice, —, 58. Rich Mountain, Battle of, 293. Ricketts, Captain, 329. Rip-Raps, 180. Rives, William C. Delegate to Peace Congress, 214. Rochambeau, Count, 139. Roman, A. B., 239. Commissioner from Confederacy to Lincoln, 212. Rosecrans, General, 372-73, 375,376. Russell, Lord, John, 281. S St. John, General, 276. Head of Confederate niter and mining bureau, 409-10. Saunders, Colonel, 325, 370. Scott, General, 234, 238, 289. Sebastian, Senator, 175. Secession, 96, 11
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rich Mountain, battle of (search)
Rich Mountain, battle of Early in 1861 the Confederates attempted to permanently occupy the country south of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway in Virginia. They were placed under the command of R. S. Garnett, a meritorious soldier, who was in the war with Mexico, and was brevetted for gallantry at Buena Vista. He made his headquarters at Beverly, in Randolph county, and prepared to prevent the National troops from pushing through the mountain-gaps into the Shenandoah Valley. The roads throommand of Colonel Rosecrans, accompanied by Colonel Lander, who was with Dumont at Philippi. They made a detour, July 11, in a heavy rain-storm, over most perilous ways among the mountains for about 8 miles, and at noon were on the summit of Rich Mountain, high above Pegram's camp, and a mile from it. Rosecrans thought his movement was unknown to the Confederates. Pegram was informed of it, and sent out 900 men, with two cannon, up the mountain-road, to meet the Nationals, and just as they
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