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1 Longuntica, otherwise unknown, was probably not far from New Carthage, for the Spartarius Campus (so named from a kind of rush-grass, still called esparto, which was used for twisting into rope) lay inland from the latter town (see Strabo, II. iv. 9, p. 160; and Pliny, N.H.XIX. xxx.).
2 Ebusus is the Phoenician name for either of the two islands usually known by their Greek name Pityusae —both names signifying pine-clad. Here the larger of the two is meant.
3 B.C. 217
4 Now Cazlona. The pass led through the Sierra Morena, north of the city, which was famous for the silver and lead mines in its neighbourhood. Castulo enjoyed a close alliance with the Carthaginians and one of its daughters became the wife of Hannibal. In 214 B.C. it revolted to the Romans, but by 211 was again in the hands of the Carthaginians (xxiv. xii. 7; xxvi. xx. 6).
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