On the river
Bosut a significant prehistoric site, first mentioned as a
III, 3267), probably in Hadrian's time,
then as colonia Aurelia Cibalae (CIL
III, 14038, Péecs),
perhaps in the Severan period. The walls surrounded an
area 860 by 650 m. It was situated at the intersection
of roads leading to Sirmium, to Siscia, and to Mursa-Aquincum. Here Licinius was defeated by Constantine
in 314. Presumably the town was the seat of a bishop.
It existed to the beginning of the 6th c.
Recent excavations have uncovered remains of aqueducts and sewers, houses with hypocausts, lead water
mains, mosaics and marble paneling. Kilns have yielded
some knowledge on domestic production of pottery and
oil lamps. The finds can be seen in the local museum and
in the Archaeological Museum at Zagreb.
J. Brunšmid, “Colonia Aurelia Cibalae,”
6 (1902) 117-66PI
; V. Hoffiller, “Spomenici rimskog lončarskog obrta u Vinkovcima,” VHAD
; J. Korda, “Tragom Limesa od Vukovara do
Iloka s osobitim obzirom na Cibalae,” Limes u Jugoslaviji
, I (1961) 61-64PI
; B. Vikić-Belančić, “Istraživanja u Vinkovcima 1966. godine,” Vjesnik Arheoloskog muzeja u Zagrebu
3, 4 (1970) 159-76PI