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a temple of the Syrian god, known officially as Sol Invictus Elagabalus (MIist. Aug. Elag. 1. 7, 17. 8), erected on the Palatine close to the imperial palace (see JUPPITER ULTOR for a conjectural site) by the Emperor Elagabalus, into which he proposed to transfer all the principal cults of Rome (op. cit. I. 6, 3. 4. 6. 7; Herodian. v. 5. 8 ; Aur. Vict. Caes. 23. I ; Cass. Dio lxxix. 11). It was dedicated in 221 (Chron. 147: Eliogaballium dedicatum est; Hieron. a. Abr. 2236), survived the death of Elagabalus for some time (Hist. Aug. Elag. 17. 8), but was afterwards destroyed by fire (Passio S. Philippi AA. SS. Oct. 9, 545; Mitt. 1892, 158), presumably before the date of the Notitia, in which the temple is not mentioned (HJ 106; RE v. 2221 ; WR 365-366; Rosch. iv. I 143-1 146; DE ii. 2089; see GRADUS HELIOGABALI). V. Domaszewski, however, thinks (SHA 1918, 13 A, 150-153) that there would have been no more room on the Palatine, and puts it in eo loco . . .in quo prius aedes Orci fuit (Hist. Aug. Elag. I. 6; cf. DIS PATER, AEDES). He also maintains that this suits the passage in the Vita S. Sebastiani (Acta SS. Jan. 20, p. 642), in which the martyr addresses the emperor' stans super gradus Heliogabali'-in which case the martyrdom took place in the circus Maximus.

For a coin showing this temple, and coins and a capital representing the stone that embodied the god, see Ann. de Numism. 1890, 468; Mitt. 1901, 273-282 ; 1902, 67 ; SScR 310-312.

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