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the early name of the western part of that spur from the Esquiline plateau, to all of which the name MONS OPPIUS (q.v.) was afterwards usually applied. This is the part of the hill now dominated by S. Pietro in Vincoli, where the arx of the earliest settlement was probably situated.1 Fagutal is a substantive form from fagutalis (Varro, LL v. 152: Fagutal a fago unde etiam Iovis Fagutalis quod ibi sacellum; Plin. NH xvi. 37: Fagutali Iove etiam nunc ubi lucus fageus fuit; CIL vi. 452; Solin. i. 26 2), and was given to this hill because of the beech trees, the lucus Fagutalis, that covered it, some of which were standing at the end of the republic. Fagutal seems also to have been used of the shrine of Jupiter itself (Fest. 87: Fagutal sacellum Iovis in quo fuit fagus arbor quae Iovis sacra habebatur). The exact relation of Oppius and Fagutal is not clear, for while there is a distinct differentiation between the two in the description of the Septimontium (Fest. 341, 348). this separation is not so definite in the list of the Argei (Varro, LL v. 50). Probably Fagutal came to be regarded merely as one part of the Oppius, and was perhaps largely displaced in popular usage by CARINAE (q.v.), which seems originally to have designated only the extreme south-west edge of the hill (HJ 255-256; Mon. L. xv. 782-784, pl. xxv.; BC 1905, 199-202; 1914, 364-365; WR 116 ; Gilb. i. 162; Rosch. ii. 652-653). See VICUS IOVIS FAGUTALIS.

1 The passage was written under the influence of Pinza's theories (Mon. L. cit.); but it is of course doubtful whether he is right in dividing the site of Rome into several separate villages (RE i. A. 101) ; cf. p. 375.

2 Mommsen's text gives: Tarquinius Superbus et ipse Esquilinus supra clivum Pullium et Fagutalem lacum, without any hint of the variant lucum.

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