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ex-cŭbo , bŭi, bĭtum, 1, v. n., lie or sleep out of doors.
B. Trop.: “Graeciam alienis sedibus,Just. 8, 4, 7, v. Fittbogen ad h. l.—Far more freq.,
II. In partic., to lie out on guard, to keep watch, to watch.
B. Trop., to watch, be watchful or vigilant, to be on the alert: “cum Caesar ad opus consuetudine excubaret, etc.,Caes. B. G. 7, 24, 2: “in navibus,id. B. C. 3, 8 fin.: “excubabo vigilaboque pro vobis,Cic. Phil. 6, 7, 18: “sapiens semper animo sic excubat, ut nihil ei improvisum accidere possit,id. Tusc. 4, 17, 37: curam rei publicae summae defendundae jam pridem apud vos excubare, is watchful, active, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 8, 5: “omnis eorum ars urbibus excubabat,” i. e. was concerned, labored for the cities, Plin. 35, 10, 37, § 118.—Pass. impers.: “rerum, non animi pretiis excubatur,care is exercised, Plin. 35, 7, 32, § 50.
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