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partĭcĭpo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. (collat.
I.dep. form partĭcĭpor , Dig. 4, 4, 9, § 1) [id.], to share; viz., to cause to partake of, to impart; and also, to partake of, participate in (in both senses mostly ante- and post-class.; syn.: communico, partior, impertior).
I. To make partaker of, to give a share of, to acquaint with, make privy to, impart, inform of any thing.
B. Transf.: aliquid cum aliquo, to share with, impart to one: “suas laudes cum aliquo,Liv. 3, 12, 5; Spart. Hadr. 26.—With dat. (late Lat.): “non participabant aliis ii, quibus aliquid affluebat,Lact. 5, 6, 1.—Pass.: “participato cum eo (fratre) regno,Just. 34, 2, 8: participato imperio, Treb. Gall. 12 init.: “nec cum quoquam participatis nocturnis imaginibus,App. M. 8, 9, p. 205, 19.—
II. To share in, partake of, participate in any thing: pestem parem, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 39 (Trag. v 22 Vahl.): “lucrum, damnum,Dig. 17, 2, 55: consilium alicujus, Mamert. Grat. Act. Jul. init.: “ad participandas ejusmodi voluptates,Gell. 15, 2, 7: “de uno pane,Vulg. 1 Cor 10, 17.—With abl. alone: “patrio sepulchro participans,Vulg. 2 Macc. 5, 10.—Hence, partĭcĭpā-tum , i, n. (lit. made to participate; hence), in gram., a participle (post-class.), Mart. Cap. 3, § 227.
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