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prae-vĕnĭo , vēni, ventum, 4 (in tmesi:
I.praeque diem veniens,Verg. E. 8, 17), v. n. and a., to come before, precede, get the start of, to outstrip, anticipate, to prevent (postAug.; for, in Cic. Off. 3, 7, 33, the correct reading is peremisset; cf.: antevenio, antecedo, praeverto); constr. absol. or with acc.
(β). With acc.: “talia agentem mors praevenit,anticipated him, prevented the execution of his plans, Suet. Caes. 44: “desiderium plebis,Liv. 8, 16: “damnationis ignominiam voluntariā morte praevenit,anticipated, Val. Max. 1, 3, 3.—In pass., to be prevented, hindered, etc.: “quae ipse paravisset facere, perfidiā clientis sui praeventa,Sall. J. 71, 5: “quod non praeventum morte fuisse, dolet,prevented by death, Ov. Tr. 5, 4, 32: “peregissetque ultionem, nisi morte praeventus fuisset,Just. 32, 3: “praeventus est ab Agrippinā,Suet. Claud. 44; Plin. Ep. 9, 1, 3: “nisi praeveniretur Agrippina,” i. e. if she had not been killed beforehand, Tac. A. 14, 7: “si maritus sit in magistratu, potest praeveniri a patre,the father can bring the accusation first, Dig. 48, 5, 15.—
2. To come or go beforehand (late Lat.): “ut praeveniant ad vos,Vulg. 2 Cor. 9, 5: “praevenit ungere corpus meum,id. Marc. 14, 8.—
II. Trop., to surpass, excel, be superior (post-Aug.): “Nomentanae vites fecunditate (Amineas) praeveniunt,Col. 3, 2, 14.
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