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Also called Antiochia Callirrhoé (Old Test. Ur), a very ancient city in the north of Mesopotamia, the capital of Osroëné, and the seat of an independent kingdom from B.C. 137 to A.D. 216. (See Abgarus.) Here Caracalla was murdered, A.D. 217. In Christian times, Edessa was celebrated for its schools of theology.


A city of Macedonia, once the capital and the burialplace of the kings (Plut. Pyrrh. 26).

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