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τὰ Γαυγάμηλα). A village of Assyria, in the district of Aturia, and about 500 stadia from Arbela (Arrian, vi. 1). The decisive battle between Alexander and Darius took place near this spot in B.C. 331; but, as Arbela was a considerable town, the Greeks chose to distinguish the conflict by the name of the latter. Gaugamela signified, in Persian, “the house of the camel,” and is said to have been so called because Darius, the son of Hystaspes, having escaped upon his camel across the deserts of Scythia, when retreating from the latter country, placed the animal here, and devoted the revenue of certain villages for its maintenance (Plut. Alex. 31).

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