). A village of Assyria, in the district of
Aturia, and about 500 stadia from Arbela (Arrian, vi. 1). The decisive battle between
Alexander and Darius took place near this spot in B.C. 331; but, as Arbela was a considerable
town, the Greeks chose to distinguish the conflict by the name of the latter. Gaugamela
signified, in Persian, “the house of the camel,” and is said to have been
so called because Darius, the son of Hystaspes, having escaped upon his camel across the
deserts of Scythia, when retreating from the latter country, placed the animal here, and
devoted the revenue of certain villages for its maintenance (Plut.