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(Graefe), Johann Georg. A German classical scholar who was born at Naumburg, January 29, 1632. He studied law for a time at Leipzig, but by the influence of Gronovius was led to remove to Deventer, where he turned his attention to literature, attending lectures, also, at Amsterdam, on history. In 1658 he became the successor of Gronovius at Deventer, and in 1661 was called to the University of Utrecht as Professor of Eloquence, to which chair in 1667 was attached the duty of lecturing on political history. He refused calls to the Universities of Heidelberg, Leyden, and Padua; but accepted a pension from Louis XIV. of France. He died January 11, 1703. He edited the works of Cicero (1684, foll.), and also published editions of Hesiod, Callimachus, Iustinus (1668), Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, Suetonius (1674), and Florus (1680). He is best known, however, by his Thesaurus Antiquitatum Romanarum, in twelve vols. (1699). See L. Müller, Geschichte der class. Philologie in den Niederlanden, pp. 44 foll. (Leipzig, 1869).

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