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Madvig, Johan Nikolai

A Danish statesman, educator, and classical scholar, born at Svaneke, August 7th, 1804. He was educated at Frederiksborg and Copenhagen, and in 1829 was called to the chair of Latin in the University at the latter place. He twice held the ministerial portfolio of Religion and Education, and was several times presiding officer of the Danish Parliament. As a scholar and especially as a text critic Madvig had a world-wide reputation, and in his work upon the texts of Cicero and Livy he won especial distinction. His most valuable works are Emendationes in Ciceronis Libros Philosophicos (1828); Emendationes Livianae (1860; 2d ed. 1876); Adversaria Critica (3 vols. 1871-84); Opuscula Academica (2 vols. 1834-42; last ed. 1887); editions of Cicero, De Finibus (1839; 3d ed. 1876); Cicero, De Senectute and De Amicitia (1835; 2d ed. 1869); of Livy (4 vols. 1861-66); and two grammatical works, a Latin Grammar (1841; 7th ed. 1881); and a Greek Syntax (1846), both having been widely used in England and the United States in English translations and revisions. He also wrote a work on the constitution and administration of the Roman State, intended to correct and supplement Mommsen's History (2 vols. 1881-82). See his Autobiography (1887).

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