previous next


AUTOMOL´IAS GRAPHE´ (αὐτομολίας γραφή), the accusation of persons charged with having deserted and gone over to the enemy (Pollux, 6.151). There are no speeches extant upon this subject; it seems clear, however, that the punishment was death (Ulpian, on Demosth. de F. L. p. 380.126; Petitus, Leg. Att. p. 674). Meier makes it a military offence tried by a jury of soldiers under the presidency of the generals (Att. Proc. p. 365), like those enumerated under ASTRATEIAS GRAPHÉ; but this is probably true only of those inscribed on the κατάλογος, or list for service. Persons who left the city in times of danger without any intention of going over to the enemy were tried by the Areiopagus as traitors (Lycurg. c. Leocr., § 52); and that civilians guilty of actual αὐτομολία were brought before the same court is more likely than that they could be indicted before a military tribunal.

Actors, whose exemption from military service has been noticed under ATELEIA, habitually enjoyed a free pass in time of war, and thus were found useful when it was desired to open indirect negotiations; e.g., Aristodemus was so employed between Philip and the Athenians, B.C. 347 (Argum. ad Dem. F. L. p. 335 init.; Grote, ch. lxxxix.). To check the desertion of slaves in war-time, their master's power of punishing them was restricted (Aristoph. Cl. 6, 7).

[J.S.M] [W.W]

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: