previous next


TRI´BULUS (τρίβολος), a caltrop, also called murex (V. Max. 3.7.2; Curt. 4.13.36). When a place was beset with troops, the one party endeavoured to impede the cavalry of the other party either by throwing before them caltrops, which necessarily lay with one of their four sharp points turned upwards, or by burying the caltrops with one point at the surface of the ground (Veget. de Re Mil. 3.24; Jul. Afric. 69; Polyaen. 139, 2). The taleae (Caes. Gal. 7.73) and the hami, stimuli or still (Bell. Afr. 31), were for the same purpose. They were pieces of wood with curved iron points, buried in the ground. The annexed


woodcut is taken from a bronze caltrop figured by Caylus (Recueil, iv. pl. 98).

[J.Y] [G.E.M]

hide References (3 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (3):
    • Caesar, Gallic War, 7.73
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 4.13.36
    • Valerius Maximus, Facta et Dicta Memorabilia, 3.7.2
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: