fleet up Red river
As early as April he had been consulting with Grant
, commanding at the farther gates of Vicksburg
help him with Port Hudson
Could he, or could he not, give Grant
a quid pro quo
On April 10th Grant
sent the following message to Banks
: ‘Am concentrating my forces at Grand Gulf
Will send an army corps to Bayou Sara
by the 25th to cooperate with you.’
In this Grant
was not wholly unselfish.
Friends were gathering in force around Pemberton
—the more need he should meet them with his friends.
If he granted Banks
a favor, he had equally a favor to ask of Banks
‘Can you aid me, and send me troops after the reduction of Port Hudson
to assist me at Vicksburg
did not seem at this time to have conjectured that Vicksburg
was to surrender to him before, not after Port Hudson
was to surrender to Banks
Gen. Jos. E. Johnston
, writing from ‘Camp near Vernon, Miss.
,’ on May 19, 1863, informed Gardner
at Port Hudson
that Lieutenant-General Pemberton
had been unfortunate.
Suffering severely near Edwards depot
on the 16th of May; on the 17th, abandoning Haynes' Bluff
, he was compelled to fall back to Vicksburg
It is not as a historian, jealous for truth, that Johnston
thus addresses Gardner
While displaying certain attributes rather suggestive of Bildad the Shumite, he is frankly peremptory with the commander at Port Hudson
Under the circumstances of Pemberton
's abandoning his outposts, he adds: ‘Your position is no longer valuable.
It is important also that all the troops in the department shall be concentrated as soon as possible.
Evacuate Port Hudson
forthwith and move with your troops toward Jackson
to join other troops which I am uniting.’
With the news from Pemberton
thus icily given it was impossible for Gardner
to doubt the perilous import of his instructions.
The defenses of Port Hudson
had been confided to him by the adjutant-general