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United States news.

From our flies of Northern papers of the 15th and 16th insts. we make up the following summary of intelligence. The Baltimore Sun, of the 15th, says that several valuable prizes are now on their way to New York. The prize steamer Adela has arrived at Fortress Monroe from Key West, bound to New York. The prize steamer Virginia, bark Moblen Williamson, and brig J W. Samper, with prize engross of several vessels, left Key West for New York on the same day. The steamship Peter Hoff, Captain Jamran, R. N., with a valuable cargo, was captured on the 25th of February off St. Thomas by the United States gunboat Vanderbilt, and arrived at Key West, where she was sent for adjudication. The Hoff was bound from London to Metamores, via St. Thomas. The prize schooners Aven Alligotor and Anne Hortens have also arrived at the same place.

The war in Virginia.

The New York World, of Thursday, has the following editorial article on "the war in Virginia:"

‘ Just about a year ago the radical prers clamored without ceasing against Gen. McClellan, because he forbore to advance upon the enemy. No words were too bitter or too biting to apply to the General who had organized the finest army the country had ever seen, and who was silently maturing his campaign as he had matured his forces. The rains and mud of March was as formidable then as they are now. The roads of Virginia were as impassable then as they are now. Every consideration which can justify patience with the inaction of a great army now existed to justify it then. And is as much as the army, which was then a new, untried and unproved machine, has since been tempered and trained to war through long and arduous campaigns under a commander as skillful in wielding as he was successful in forming it; is as much as the man who were volunteers a year ago with the shame of the first Bull Run still draping their banners are new veterans, who and riddled colors names of a long succession of honorable victories, it cannot be contested that the General who was then at the head of the Army of the Potomac had claims upon the forbearance of his countrymen which cannot be pleaded by his successor. None of these claims then availed with the radicals. They fairly writhed in rage at the calm persistence of General McClellan in the task of perfecting his plans and preparing his operations. They called upon the President to lead the army onward in person.--They denounced caution as disloyal, and strategy as the unpardonable sin against the State. They clamored for the removal of McClellan from his command. "The army of the Potomac," cried the Tribune in March, 1861. "even without a nominal bead, has only to move upon the enemy to grind him to powder by its irresistible weight." All this was a year ago. To day, the Army of the Potomac, under the command of a General in whom the Tribune professes to feel all the confidence which it refused to McClellan, stands at observation, and has for three months past so stood, upon the banks of the Rappahannock. Hurled back beaten and bleeding, from its headlong dash against the heights of Fredericksburg it has become a sort of living entrenchments between the lines of the Confederates and the capital of the nation. We make no assault upon General Hooker for this state of things. We concede to him, as a matter of course, what the radicals refused to his first predecessor, a patient and respectful recognition of his great responsibilities, and a forbearing faith in his disposition to do all that can be safely and successfully attempted, But why is the Tribune on tell subject? What has become of its imperative mind, of its impetuous policy of "grinding to powder," of its eagerness for at the throat of the rebellion? If the Army of the Potomac was an avalanche a years ago, it is certainly an avalanche now If is needed no plan of campaign, no commissariat, no commander to make it irressible then, it needs these things still less now.

The Tribune is silent to-day for the same reason that it shouted a year ago. How as then it looks through all this mighty mist of tears and blood that overhangs the nation to one end, only — the success, the prosperity, the profits of party. thought of the nation's need and hopes then stimulated its voice, no such thought now makes it dumb it has won the only victory at which it the conquest of the Cabinet the subjugation of the

But at what a cost this victory has been won nothing could more clearly show than the stranged apathetic acquiescence of the public mind in the apparent abdication of all attempts against the Confederate capital. The interest, the passion, the hope of the nation once centered upon that splendid host which has so long held the Potomac and monace Richmond. They are now become vague and wandering. The absence of news from this great army excites no comment. Men are eager about Vicksburg and Charleston and Tennessee. The triumph of the Tribune and its party has been accepted as a deadly blight upon the campaign in Virginia. The success of the Tribune against it in the past has the public faith and directed the public hope in its future. The fire and have gone out of the public interest in the war in Virginia nor will they return again till the old spirit shall once more light up the lines of the army and direct the nation's wall.

Destruction of Forts Herman and Heney.

These two forts, on the Tennessee river, have been abandoned and destroyed — probably for fear that they might fall into the hands of our brave Western cavalry. The Louisville Journal, however, gives other reasons. I, says:

‘ Forts Herman and Henry, on the Tennessee river, were evacuated and destroyed on the 5th inst., by the Federal troops, as they were liable to over flow, and not desirable for offensive or defensive operations. Their armaments, stores, &c., were removed to Fort Donelson. It is said that other and stronger works are to be in the same vicinity.

European aid for Confederate prisoners.

A Washington dispatch to a Philadelphia paper says:

‘ It is understood that the Secretary of State has granted permission to the committee of Friends of Liverpool, who represent the cause of the rebel prisoners who fall into our hands, to forward them such moneys or articles of comfort as they may need without any restrictions being placed upon the came. Hitherto the Southern people in England have been obliged to depend in a measure upon chance for their charities reaching those for whom they were intended but in future they will have the freest access to them.

Dismissed from the service.

The following order is published in the N. Y. Tribune, which it states has been issued by Gen Hooker:

Headq'rs Army of the Potomac.
Camp near Falmouth, Va., March 6, 1863.

General Orders No.21.--Lieut, Nathaniel P Pat First regiment Maryland Cavalry, having, on the 4th inst., while in charge of a picket guard. allowed the officers men and horses of his command to enter a barn, and the men to take off their arms, and the to be in direct violation of existing orders, is dismissed with disgrade from the military service of the United States, subject to the approval of the President.

By command of Major Gen. Hooker.
S. Williams, Ass't Adj. Gen.

The Eighth census of the U. S.--the population of Massachusetts.

"Ion,"the Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun writing on the 13th inst., thus speaks of the 8th census, and its affects in Europe:

The abstract of the 8th census, lately reported, has attracted much attention in Europe, and especially from those who take an interest in the progress and results of the present sectional conflict. The distinguished French savant Mr. Michael Chevalier, remarks, in a letter lately received that the report is replete with information of great interest, admirably arranged, excibiting the extent of our development in population, power, and wealth — He is impressed, he says, among other examples, which he might by the fact that Massachusetts has almost reached the relative population to the area of France, (sixty-one inhabitants to the square mile instead of sixty seven) while it follows that in 1870 Massachusetts will exceed the French empire in density of population. He mentions further that he intends to make this work the subject of a report to the Academy of Moral and Political Science of the institute at their next sitting.

I am reminded by this letter of remarks made by eminent Southern statesmen upon the result of the census of 1850 in respect to Massachusetts when, to the surprise of the world she counted a million of people to wit: that if she could restrain her disposition to intermeddle with the affairs of other States she would rival in wealth and power the greatest of the commercial States of antiquity or of the Mediterranean cities in the middle ages.

But a change has come over this prospect and it is now a question whether new England will after the conclusion of the existing war, retain her population, and her commercial and manufacturing and other advantages which were held solely upon the tenure of uninterrupted peace and indissoluble Union.

Even if demonstrations against her manufactures and navigation be not made, in the end a protracted war will paralyze them.


The Baltimore Sun says that Mr. Goodloe, one of the commissioners to adjust the claims of slave owners in the District of Columbia, under the emancipation act, will probably be sent to North Carolina as Military Governor, vice Stanley. He is a native of that State, and holds decided anti-slavery views.

The Washington Star, of the 13th says:

‘ We hear that this morning, when shaving himself, Secretary Seward, in endeavoring to catch has rancor, that was falling from where he had placed it, out the palm of his right hand so severely as that he will probably require an emenuents to do his writing for some time to come.

The New York Chamber of Commerce are taking active measures for the defense of the harbor of that city. At their next meeting the propriety of issuing letters of marque will be strongly urged, and will probably be carried out.

Prentices laughs at the heading "Astounding Robbery" which frequently appears in conce- tion with some fraud on the Government. He says be occasionally fees cases of astounding honesty, but rubbery no longer astounds.

The steamship Kungares at New York, from Liverpool, has on freight 825 bales of cotton, and the city of Baltimore 369 bales imported from Europe.

The Hagerstown (Md) Free Press, has been suppressed by order of Major General Schenck, and its editor, Mr. A. J. Boyd, sent beyond the Federal lines.

Under the Congressional stamp act it cast the executors of Nicholas Longworth, the lose Cincinnati millionaire, four hundred and thirty dollars to purchase a stamp to put on his will.

The Philadelphia papers record the death of the Rev. Patrick Rafferty, a Catholic priest, pastor of St. Francis Church, Fairmont, for the last forty-five years.

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