(Mantova) Lombardy, Italy.
Named for a legendary founder, Manto, the city is of
Etruscan origin (Aen
. 10.204). Etruscans were superseded
by Gauls, probably ca. 400 B.C., and later by Romans,
who made it first a colony, then a municipium with Latin
status after the social war. Full citizenship was granted
in 49 B.C. The town was invaded by Alaric and again by
Attila in the 5th c.
The modern city is virtually divided into two islands
separated by the narrow marshy channel of the Mincio.
Little remains of the ancient town beyond some inscriptions and a geometrically decorated mosaic found near
the Ducal Palace.
A fine collection of Classical sculpture, acquired from
many sources by the Gonzagas in the 16th c., may be
seen in the Ducal Palace, now a museum.
A. Levi, Sculture greche e romane del
Palazzo Ducale di M
D. C. SCAVONE