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PELLENE Achaia, Greece.

A city on the W side of the Sys, near the modern village of Zougra, commanding the road from the coast of the Corinthian Gulf at Xylokastro S to Trikkala. Homeric Pellene, whose site is not known, was destroyed by Sikyon; the Classical city dates from the 6th c. and was refortified in Late Roman times. Pausanias mentions a gold-and-ivory statue by Pheidias in the Temple of Athena, as well as Sanctuaries of Eileithyia, Poseidon, Artemis, Dionysos, and Apollo Theoxenios (god of strangers). Games called the Theoxenia were limited to native competitors; the famous Pellene cloaks were at one time given as prizes. Scattered remains of buildings and walls mark the site, which is divided by a barren ridge, the main part of the city being on the W side, the smaller on the E. There has been some controversy over the location of Aristonautai, the port of Pellene: it was probably at Xylokastro at the mouth of the river. The ruins at Kamari, some 6 km to the W at the mouth of the next river, are perhaps to be identified with 4th c. Oluros, described by Pliny as the fortress of the people of Pellene, but apparently no longer of any significance in the time of Pausanias. The Sanctuary (Mysaion) and Sanatorium (Kyros) of Asklepios near Trikkala also belonged to Pellene.


Strab. 8.7.5; Plin. 4.5; Paus. 2.12.2, 7.6.1, 27.lf; W. M. Leake, Morea (1830) III 214, 224, 389; W. M. Leake, Peloponnesiaca (1846) 404M; E. Curtius, Peloponnesos (1851-52) I 480M; C. Bursian, Geographie von Griechenland (1872) II 340f; J. G. Frazer, Paus. Des. Gr. (1898) IV 181; E. Meyer in RE 19I (1937) 354f; A. Philippson-Kirsten, GL (1950-59) III 168.


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