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The organization of defense against various barbarian tribes had begun along the right bank of the Danube by the middle of the 1st c. A.D. At the same time the oldest military camps were being refurbished, and roads were being carved in the steep slopes of the Djerdap canyon. Road construction began during Tiberius' reign as inscriptions of Tiberius, Claudius, Domitian, and Trajan attest. After Trajan conquered Dacia, Apollodorus from Damascus bridged the Danube. This bridge connected Kostol (Pontes) and Turn Severin (Drobeta). Today at low water, some remains of the piers can be seen. After Aurelian lost Dacia, the first reconstruction of the limes was undertaken; the second reconstruction was under Anasthasia and Justinian. The presence here of the following legions has been attested: IV Scythia, V Macedonica, VII Claudia, and IV Flavia. The following cohorts have been mentioned: I Antiochensium, I Sugambrorum veterana, I Raetorum, I Lusitanorum, III, IV, V, VII, VIII Galorum, and I Cisipadensium.

The significant fortresses on this part of the limes are as follows (an asterisk indicates those that have been sunk by the construction of a hydroelectric plant): Sapaja* (an island close to Ram) —remains of Roman camp (120 x 80 m), with civil settlement; Ram (Lederata) E—Roman camp (ca. 140 x 200 m), a garrison equites sagitarri; Zatonje E—camp with civil settlement, built at the end of the 1st c. A.D.; Veliko Gradište (Pincum) E—Roman camp with civil settlement, flourished under Hadrian; Golubac (Cuppae) E—camp (ca. 180 x 160 m) late 1st c. A.D.; Čezava (Novae)*—camp (150 x 140 m) 1st-6th c.; Saldum (Cantabasa)*—camp (43 x 31 m) late 1st-6th c.; Bosman*—camp (94 x 47 m) 6th c.; Gospodjin Vir*—Roman guard post (9 x 3.8 m) 1st-2d c. with inscriptions of Tiberius, Claudius, and Domitian nearby; Pesača*—Roman guard post (7.1 x 7.1 m) 3d-4th c.; Boljetin (Smorne) *—camp (50 x 60 m) 1st-6th c.; Ravna (Campsa)*—camp (45 x 43 m) mid 3d-6th c.; Veliki Gradac (Taliata)*—camp (134 x 126 m) with civil settlement, 1st-4th c.; the mouth of the Poreč river*—Roman camp, 1st-3d c. and a boundary rampart 170 m long, reinforced with towers, 3d-6th c.; Malo Golubinje D*—camp 3d-6th c.; Hajdučka Vodenica*—camp (50 x 70 m) 4th-6th c., controlled shipping through the Sip Channel,* which was built on the Danube at the end of the 3d c. A.D.; Karataš (Caput Bovis?) D—fortress (150 x 130 m) with civil settlement, 1st-4th c.; Brza Palanka (Egeta) E—two camps with civil settlements, 1st-6th c.; Prahovo E—reinforced settlement (ca. 840 x 485 m) 1st-6th c.

Trajan's inscription was preserved with a part of the road. Until the construction of a museum, the finds are being kept at the Archaeological Institute in Belgrade.


Notitia Dignitatum, ed. O. Seeck (1875); Novellae Iustiniani, X, ed. R. Schöl & G. Kroll (1895); B. Swoboda, Forschungen am obermoesischen Limes (1939); M. Mirković, Rimski gradovi na Dunavu u Gornjoj Meziji (1968); Stare Kulture u Djerdapu (1969).


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