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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Mass. officers and men who died. 461 449 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 457 125 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 432 88 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 10. (ed. Frank Moore) 425 15 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3. 398 2 Browse Search
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac 346 0 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 303 1 Browse Search
Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 247 5 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 210 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 201 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac. You can also browse the collection for Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) or search for Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) in all documents.

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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, I. The Army of the Potomac in history. (search)
eatedly essayed during the Virginia campaigns— the former by Pope and Meade; the latter by Burnside and Hooker. Touching the merits of these lines, experience confirmed what theory would have postulated: that the line of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, though an eminently defensive line as regards Washington, is hardly aggressive; and beyond the Rapidan involves so many complex considerations that no commander was ever able, on this line, to push an advance south of that river. The Fredericksburg route is an aggressive line as regards Richmond, though it is surrounded with many difficulties. It is not, however, a good defensive line as regards Washington; and experience has shown that an army operating by that line, and having also to cover Washington, may readily be dislodged from it and forced to attempt to regain the Orange and Alexandria line by a simple menace against the latter. And this fact suggests the reflection that railroads in war, though affording great facilities
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 4 (search)
a column under McDowell, which was about to move from Fredericksburg towards Richmond. As this circumstance exercised a coes as to insure the junction of McDowell's column from Fredericksburg with the force before Richmond. The former purpose waeneral McDowell with a force of thirty thousand men at Fredericksburg on the Rappahannock. It need hardly be said that this of McDowell's force, when it should move forward from Fredericksburg. It should not be forgotten that this was the contrs column had already been pushed eight miles south of Fredericksburg; and McClellan, to clear all opposition from his path, at Washington. The order for McDowell's advance from Fredericksburg, to unite with McClellan, was instantly countermandedco-operate with Fremont; that his line of advance from Fredericksburg to Front Royal was much longer than the enemy's line oy—to wit, the expected march of McDowell's column from Fredericksburg for the purpose of joining the Army of the Potomac—and
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, V. Pope's campaign in Northern Virginia. August, 1862. (search)
ped; then followed Burnside's corps (eleven thousand strong), which had been brought from North Carolina for the purpose of re-enforcing the Army of the Potomac, but was not allowed to debark, and was sent forward to Aquia Creek and thence to Fredericksburg. McClellan then put his whole army in motion, marched back from Harrison's Landing to Fortress Monroe, and thence, by successive shipments, forwarded it to Aquia Creek and Alexandria. Not till this movement had been fully disclosed did Genothing to prevent his moving forward his entire army to destroy Pope, and he instantly took measures accordingly. Nothing could be clearer than the evidence of General Lee on this point The corps of General Burnside, says he, had reached Fredericksburg, and a part of General McClellan's army was believed to have left Westover [Harri. son's Landing] to unite with Pope. It therefore seemed that active operation on the James were no longer contemplated, and that the most effectual way to reli
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 7 (search)
this time fordable at several points near Fredericksburg, and Sumner was exceedingly anxious to cro as occasion might require.—Lee: Report of Fredericksburg, p. 38. Hill on the 5th succeeded in drivi was easier than to make the passage below Fredericksburg, The Rappahannock below Fredericksburg judged that by making a direct crossing at Fredericksburg, he might surprise Lee thus divided. It wen promising. The passage of the river at Fredericksburg was made for a real attack. Burnside mighle range, whereas the plain in the rear of Fredericksburg, restricted in extent and cut up by ditcheeade's shattered line. Meade: Report of Fredericksburg. In addition to these two divisions, Generwing the enemy's line, which, like that at Fredericksburg, was manifestly impregnable, declined to to cross the Rappahannock seven miles below Fredericksburg, with a view to turn the Confederate positeral distinct points, both above and below Fredericksburg, and thus mask the real intent. According[60 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 8 (search)
to Kelly's Ford (twenty-seven miles above Fredericksburg) should pass round Lee's flank to Chancell. The enemy in our front [Sedgwick], near Fredericksburg, continued inactive; and it was now appared the rest of his divisions, recalled from Fredericksburg, and from far below Fredericksburg, were p debouche into the open country in rear of Fredericksburg, while the left column had practically unc put himself in motion immediately, occupy Fredericksburg, seize its heights, gain the plankroad fro arrested by tidings of great purport from Fredericksburg. Our preparations were just completed, whank of the Rappahannock, three miles below Fredericksburg. He immediately put his corps in motion bntermarching from Chancellorsville towards Fredericksburg, Sedgwick was advancing from FredericksburFredericksburg towards Chancellorsville; and it happened that the heads of the columns came together just about my miles. All the enemy between, Hooker and Fredericksburg was a mere handful of a division. Then di[33 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 9 (search)
sion it had been driven back in disaster. Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville had raised the moralesion, of Longstreet's corps, that day left Fredericksburg for Culpepper Courthouse, and at the same A. P. Hill was left to occupy the lines of Fredericksburg. Lee: Report of the Gettysburg Campaignving Hill's corps still in the position at Fredericksburg, and Longstreet's corps at Culpepper, Ewelght (Hill's corps) still held the lines of Fredericksburg; his centre (Longstreet's corps) lay at Cud, could interpose itself between Hill (at Fredericksburg) and Longstreet (at Culpepper). And if theLee, said he, should leave a rear force at Fredericksburg, tempting you to fall upon it, he would fimy, it appears that on Hill's advance from Fredericksburg to Culpepper, Longstreet, who had been retthe contempt of its opponent engendered by Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, that there was not ik; for upon a like position held by him at Fredericksburg he had seen the army under Burnside dash [1 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 10 (search)
aration of his opponent's forces gave Meade the hope that, by crossing the Rapidan at the lower fords, turning the Confederate right, and advancing quickly towards Orange Courthouse by the plank and turnpike roads that connect that place with Fredericksburg, he might be able to interpose between the two hostile bodies under Ewell and Hill, and destroy them in detail. This plan, different from the kind of operations ordinarily attempted in Virginia, was well suited to the circumstances. It waefore, during the following night, withdrew the army across the Rapidan, and it resumed its old camps. It would have been a move well adapted to the circumstances had General Meade, on seeing his plan of operations frustrated, advanced on Fredericksburg instead of falling back to his old line across the Rapidan. This would have had the character of an offensive movement, and would have saved the morale of the army and the confidence of the country, both of which were rudely shaken by these
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 11 (search)
three years—by Burnside and Hooker on the Fredericksburg route; by Pope and Meade by the Orange andith the turnpike from Orange Courthouse to Fredericksburg. On the latter road, Wilson's division of 4th, the cavalry being thrown out towards Fredericksburg and Todd's Tavern. At Chancellorsville, Hsomewhere, but not knowing whether towards Fredericksburg or Spottsylvania, instructed Anderson, nowsee map]. Tyler's division remained at the Fredericksburg road near the Harris House [see map]. The n, covering the road from Spottsylvania to Fredericksburg, which was the army's main line of communie right flank, and moving down, seized the Fredericksburg road and laid hands on an ammunition train mask the march the first move was towards Fredericksburg, near which, turning southward to the righe mile above where the telegraph road from Fredericksburg to Richmond crosses the North Anna on a woas at Spottsylvania Courthouse it had used Fredericksburg as a depot; when it moved to the North Ann[1 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
ksburg, 233; opinion on direct crossing at Fredericksburg, 237; desperation at repeated failures, 25r prostrated by concussion of a shot, 295; Fredericksburg occupied by Sedgwick, 296; for Sedgwick's move on Fredericksburg, see Fredericksburg, 296; countermarch of part of Lee's army to re-enforce EaFredericksburg, 296; countermarch of part of Lee's army to re-enforce Early, 298; Sedgwick checked—his losses, 299; positions on the third day, 299; Sedgwick's report of loichmond, 22; compared with others, 406. Fredericksburg, the battle of, Burnside reaches Falmouth, 226; his erroneous statement on Sumner at Fredericksburg, 244; arrives at Fredericksburg and fortifFredericksburg and fortifies the heights, 236; at Fredericksburg—see Fredericksburg; strength before Chancellorsville, 269; asition during McClellan's advance, 122; at Fredericksburg with 30,000 men, 122; ordered by the admintion with McClellan, 123; advance south of Fredericksburg, 124; advance cleared by Porter's corps ofpottsylvania, 428. Stafford Heights—see Fredericksburg. Steadman, Fort—see Fort Steadman. S[15 more.