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by stencil, according to the mode. The bossing is a coat of boiled oil, to hold the color. The oil is expelled by the heat of the enamel-kiln, and the color vitrified. The bossing is laid on with a hair-pencil, and leveled with a boss of soft leather. Bott′ger-ware. The white porcelain of Dresden. Made originally by Bottger, of Saxony, in imitation of the Chinese. It is now made in the old castle, once the residence of the Saxon princes, at Meissen on the Elbe, 15 miles below Dresden. Bott-ham′mer. (Flax.) A wooden mallet with a fluted face, used in breaking flax upon the floor to remove the boon. Bot′ting. (Metallurgy.) Restopping the tapping-hole of a furnace after a part of its charge has been allowed to flow therefrom. The plug is a conical mass of clay on the end of a wooden bar. Bot′tle. A vessel with a relatively small neck, and adapted to hold liquids. In ancient times they were made of leather. The Psalmist declares he has become l
the driver with eight kilometers (about five miles) an hour, or two francs, according to the Parisian tariff. Table of Lengths of Foreign Road Measures. Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. ArabiaMile2,146 AustriaMeile (post)8,297 BadenStuden4,860 BelgiumKilometre1,093.63 BelgiumMeile2,132 BengalCoss2,000 BirmahDain4,277 BohemiaLeague (16 to 1°)7,587 BrazilLeague (18 to 1°)6,750 BremenMeile6,865 BrunswickMeile11,816 CalcuttaCoss2,160 CeylonMile1,760 ChinaLi608.5 DenmarkMul8,288 DresdenPost-meile7,432 EgyptFeddan1.47 EnglandMile1,760 FlandersMijle1,093.63 FlorenceMiglio1,809 France 1, 60931 miles = 1 kilometre. Kilometre1,093.6 GenoaMile (post)8,527 GermanyMile (15 to 1°)8,101 GreeceStadium1,083.33 GuineaJacktan4 HamburgMeile8,238 HanoverMeile8,114 HungaryMeile9,139 IndiaWarsa24.89 ItalyMile2,025 JapanInk2.038 LeghornMiglio1,809 LeipsieMeile (post)7,432 LithuaniaMeile9,781 MaltaCanna2.29 MecklenburgMeile8,238 MexicoLegua4,638 MilanMigliio1,093.6
The authorities are cited as follows : — a refers to English patents. b refers to Examiner's Digest, Patent Office. c refers to Munsell on Paper-making. d refers to Schaeffer on Paper. e refers to Central Blatt, Papierfabrikation, Dresden. f refers to Journal des Fabricants de papier, Paris. g refers to Die fabrication des Papieres, Piette, Coln. Abelmoschus esculentus, e, XIV. 17.Broom corn, b. Broom, swamp, b. Abutilon avicennae, b.Broussonesia, a; e, VI. 234, XVII 1d probably, as the Pere d'entrecolles remarks, is steatite; which is a compound of silica and magnesia. We cannot go into all the particulars of the history of the art, nor describe the ingredients and compositions of the porcelains of China, Dresden, Sevres, Berlin, Vienna, Bohemia, but must refer our readers to Birch's History of ancient pottery (1858): Marryat's History of Pottery and Porcelain, Medieval and Modern (1857); and Brogniart's Arts Ceramiques. Por′ce-lain-cem′ent. Stir p<
cinder. 2. (Bakery.) One of the beech scantlings which form a frame around the congregated loaves in the oven and keep them in place. Set-work. (Plastering.) Two-coat plastering on lath. Laid and set. Sev′er-y. (Architecture.) A bay or compartment of a vaulted ceiling. Sevres Por′ce-lain. Porcelain of fine quality, made at the French government works, at Sevres. It is principally of a peculiarly fine and delicate quality, for ornament rather than use. Berlin, Dresden, and Munich have national ceramic works. Sew′age. The surface drainage, slops, excrementitious matter, and other filth carried off by sewers. Sewerage is a term applied to the sewers and drains of a town collectively. When the sewers merely receive the street drainage and the liquid refuse from kitchens, etc., the disposition of this comparatively innocuous matter presents but little difficulty; it is discharged into the nearest running stream without danger of contamination.