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George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 24 0 Browse Search
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ich he attained, was probably about the fiftieth degree. Of the country along which he sailed, he had occasion to admire the brilliant freshness of the verdure, and the density of the stately forests The pines, well adapted for masts and yards, promised to become an object of gainful commerce. But men were already with the Portuguese an established article of traffic; the inhabitants of the American coast seemed well fitted for labor; and Cortereal freighted his ships with more than fifty Indians, whom, on his return, he sold as slaves. It was soon resolved to renew the ex- Aug 8. pedition; but the adventurer never returned. His death was ascribed to a combat with the natives, whom he desired to kidnap; the name of Labrador, transferred to a more northern coast, is, probably, a memorial of his Chap. I.} 1501 crime Memoir of Cabot, 242. Navarette, Viages Menores, III. 43, 44. and is, perhaps, the only permanent trace of Portuguese adventure within the limits of North America
tory is marked as the Land of Gomez. Failing to discover a passage, and fearful to return without success and without a freight, he filled his vessel with robust Indians, to be sold as slaves. Brilliant expectations had been raised; and the conclusion was esteemed despicably ludicrous. The Spaniards scorned to repeat their voyaga party of horse to visit the province of Tusayan, that is, the seven towns of Moqui; and he soon returned with the account that they were feeble villages of poor Indians, who sought peace by presents of skins, mantles of cotton, and maize. On his return, Garci Lopez de Cardenas, with twelve others, was sent on the bolder enterpried as gayly as if it had been but a holiday excursion of a bridal party. In Cuba, the precaution was used to send vessels to Florida to explore a harbor; and two Indians, brought as captives to Havana, invented such falsehoods as they perceived would be acceptable. They conversed by signs; and the signs were interpreted as affirm
of the English, discovering a company of the natives whom they esteemed their enemies, fell upon them by night, as the harmless men were sitting fearlessly by their fires; and the havoc was begun, before it was perceived that these were friendly Indians. The vanities of life were not forgotten in the New Aug 13. World; and Manteo, the faithful Indian chief, by the commandment of Sir Walter Raleigh, received Christian baptism, and was invested with the rank of a feudal baron, as the Lord of , and, through the friendship of Manteo, become familiar with the Indians? The conjecture has been hazarded, Lawson's N. Carolina, 62. that the deserted colony, neglected by their own countrymen, were hospitably adopted into the tribe of Hatteras Indians, and became amalgamated with the sons of the forest. This was the tradition of the natives at a later day, and was thought to be confirmed by the physical character of the tribe, in which the English and the Indian race seemed to have been
d, was not long restrained by the scruples of men in power. King Ferdinand himself sent from Seville 1510. fifty slave Herrera, d. i. l. VIII. c. IX. to labor in the mines; and, because it was said, that one negro could do the work of four Indians, the direct traffic in slaves between Guinea and Hispaniola was enjoined by a royal ordinance, Ibid. d. i. l. IX. c. v. Herrera is explicit. The note of the French translator of Navarette, i .203, 204, needs correction. A commerce in negroy, but nature herself, cries out against the state of slavery. And Paul III., in two separate briefs, See the brief, in Remesal, Hist. de Chiappa, l. III. c. XVI. XVII. imprecated a 1537. June 10. curse on the Europeans who should enslave Indians, or any other class of men. It even became usual for Spanish vessels, when they sailed on a voyage of discovery, to be attended by a priest, whose benevolent duty it was, to prevent the kidnapping of the aborigines. T. Southey's West Indies,
han Boston. Yet the voyage was not free from crime. After Smith had departed for England, Thomas Hunt, the master of the second ship, kidnapped a large party of Indians, anti, sailing for Spain, sold the poor innocents into slavery. It is singular how good is educed from evil: one of the number, escaping from captivity, made hisy they rose at five; their morning Chap. VIII.} 1620. prayers were finished, when, as the day dawned, a war-whoop and a flight of arrows announced an attack from Indians. They were of the tribe of the Dec. 8. Nausites, who knew the English as kidnappers; but the encounter was without further result. Again the boat's crew give tStandish, the best linguist among the Pilgrims, as well as the best soldier, with an exploring party, was able to discover wigwams, but no tenants. Yet a body of Indians Feb. 16. from abroad was soon discovered, hovering near the settlement, though disappearing when pursued. The colony, therefore, assumed a military organization
wigwam to wigwam, victory was tardy. We must burn them! shouted Mason, and cast a firebrand to the windward among the light mats of the Indian cabins. Hardly could the English withdraw to encompass the place, before the whole encampment was in a blaze. Did the helpless natives climb the palisades, the flames assisted the marksmen to take good aim at the unprotected men; did they attempt a sally, they were cut down by the English broadswords. The carnage was complete: about six hundred Indians, men, women, and children, perished; most of them in the hideous conflagration. In about an hour, the whole work of destruction was finished, Chap IX.} 1637 and two only of the English had fallen in the battle. The sun, as it rose serenely in the a withess of the victory. With the light of morning, three hundred or more Pequod warriors were descried, as they proudly appreached from their second fort. They had anticipated success; what was their horror as they beheld the smoking ruin