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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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ew Congress had been convened for the 4th, and at the time it was assembling, the volunteers who had responded to Mr. Lincoln's calls already numbered 300,000 men. Throughout the Northern States regiments were being recruited and organized. A military ardor had seized all minds. Before taking a survey of these soldiers at their work, we propose to show, in the following chapter, what were the predominant characteristics of the movement which improvised the Federal armies. Chapter 10: Zzz The Federal volunteers. IN one of his poetic visions, the Prophet Ezekiel describes a plain, deserted and silent, on which lie innumerable scattered and dry bones. At the sound of his voice those shapeless remains come spontaneously together; the skeletons resume their forms and are covered anew with flesh; finally, a divine word from the lips of the inspired spectator restores them to life; and that wilderness, till then shrouded in the darkness of death, becomes peopled with an animate
ocrats in opposition to that of Peace Democrats. Their motto was the support of the Union, pure and simple. On the 20th of April, when tidings of the Baltimore riots were received, the leaders of the party—Messrs. Dix, Baker, and others, who were to become distinguished in the war—held a massmeeting in New York for the purpose of asserting their fidelity to the Constitution, and of imparting thereby a truly national character to the efforts of the North in its defence. On the same day General Wool, who was in command of all the Federal troops west of the Mississippi, being without instructions from Washington, took the responsibility of forwarding to the capital, by passing round Baltimore, all the forces already organized he could dispose of. The way was opened by a Massachusetts general—Mr. Butler, one of the most distinguished men in the Democratic party; at the head of a few troops from his own State, he embarked on the Susquehanna River, proceeded down Chesapeake Bay, and came<
ion of the Mississippi—the necessary outlet for all Western produce—should be for ever free from all obstructions. But these precautionary measures had no effect; those States declared against them with a degree of unanimity and energy which foreshadowed from that moment the immense sacrifices they would make for the Federal cause. Nor were the efforts of the seceders more successful in shaking the loyalty of those States where the Democrats were in the majority. The mayor of New York, Mr. Wood—who was indebted for his position to intrigues but little creditable to that great city-tried in vain to seduce her from her allegiance to the Union, by holding out the flattering prospect of making her a free city. The legislature of that State—the most powerful in the Republic—although in favor of an attempt at impossible conciliation, declared, on the 11th of January, its unalterable attachment to the Union. That of Pennsylvania having followed its example on the 24th, all danger o
soldiers became discouraged. Fortunately for them, a reinforcement of two small battalions arrived in time to prevent their retreat from degenerating into a rout; and Greble, remaining to the last, with his guns, on the road which had been followed in the morning by the assailants, prevented the enemy's artillery from enfilading them. He was killed while protecting his companions. The Federals had only thirty-six killed and thirty-four wounded, many of whom were officers. Greble and Major Winthrop were among the former; among the latter, there was another regular officer, Captain Kilpatrick, whose name, already mentioned, will frequently occur during the narrative of the war. While Peirce's soldiers were rapidly falling back upon Fortress Monroe, Magruder felt but little disposed to pursue them, and, having no great confidence in his own troops, determined, notwithstanding his success, to fall back upon Yorktown. Similar engagements, with as little loss of life, served everywhe
Wilberforce (search for this): chapter 4
most formidable where one least expects to encounter it. Notwithstanding all that has been said on the subject, our people, who fortunately have not had to wrestle with it, are not aware how much this subtle poison instils itself into the very marrow of society. It was, in fact, in the name of the rights of the oppressed race that they condemned slavery. It was the sentiment of justice in behalf of this race which inspired religions England when, in response to the appeals of Buxton and Wilberforce, she proclaimed emancipation; and which actuated our great National Assembly when it abolished slavery for the first time in our colonies, and those who again prepared for its suppression after the extraordinary act by which the First Consul re-established it upon French soil. It was the picture of the unmerited sufferings of our fellow-beings which stirred up the whole of Europe at the perusal of that romance, so simple and yet so eloquent, called Uncle Tom's Cabin. But the effects o
Washington (search for this): chapter 4
the mean time, the slave States which had not broken up their relations with Washington, oscillated between the two parties, undecided as to what course to pursue. stitution, have played even a more important part than she did in the days of Washington; but the servile institution had demoralized her; she had become a breeder ofakness, persuaded him to suspend the execution of an order just received from Washington, in consequence of which the Merrimac, of more value to him than all the othel the Federal troops west of the Mississippi, being without instructions from Washington, took the responsibility of forwarding to the capital, by passing round Baltiembled, in short, those militia troops that had caused so much anxiety to General Washington during the War of Independence. Some even went so far as to abandon theiolute chief all his daring. So long as that absolute despotism alluded to by Washington did not impose the same obligations upon the timid, to be found everywhere, a
s turning a curve, it received a discharge of grape-shot fired by two guns which had been placed on the track. Fortunately, the aim of the guns was too high; the Federals sprang to the ground, formed under the enemy's fire, and, although taken by surprise, finally compelled the Confederates to retire, leaving several dead and many more wounded behind them. One may judge from this incident how little military experience there was on either side. On the Lower Potomac, a naval officer, Captain Ward, was endeavoring to erect a battery at Mathias Point, a long promontory on the Virginia side, from which the Confederates fired constantly upon vessels going up the river, either with rifle or cannon; but he was driven off, and finally lost his life in the attempt. With the 4th of July we shall conclude this chapter, which is to serve as a transition epoch between the political events which followed the presidential elections and the veritable acts of war, the narrative of which will c
Lewis Wallace (search for this): chapter 4
roops had been collected at Romney to menace Cumberland station, on that line. The Federal Colonel Wallace, who occupied this place, went to attack those troops at Romney, took them by surprise, aftn sufficient to drive Johnston into Winchester and to join hands, by means of a few posts, with Wallace's troops at Cumberland; but the hesitations and contradictory orders of the government at Washibout ten thousand men scarcely armed, without artillery, and without cavalry. His retreat left Wallace at Cumberland in a difficult position, and emboldened the Confederates who had assembled in thedge of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway at New Creek; they thus cut off all communication between Wallace and McClellan, who had come to Grafton on the 23d to prepare for the serious campaign, of whichinia was to witness the inauguration fifteen days later. But although threatened on all sides, Wallace succeeded in keeping the enemy in check and in maintaining his position. In the vicinity of
ed to the latter the troops he had brought together for that express purpose. By a fatal coincidence, his successor, Colonel Waite, who had hurried from the depths of the wilderness to save this precious nucleus of an army, only arrived in time to with which they were not at war: the agreement by which they had been delivered up was called a treaty of evacuation, and Waite was conveyed, with about twelve hundred of his men, to Indianola, on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, where, although prod his colors. His former comrades, betrayed through the defection of Twiggs, were, some of them, in San Antonio with Colonel Waite, the remainder with Major Sibley at Indianola, where they had been conveyed under promise of being allowed to ship fo upon him. After being kept for some time prisoners, the Federals were released on parole until they could be exchanged. Waite and the officers who were with him in San Antonio experienced the same fate. There was still left a detachment of the Ei
Wadsworth (search for this): chapter 4
its strength accurately represented the whole American nation. A thousand examples might be cited of soldiers and officers who sacrificed lucrative positions to join the regular army. The records of war-victims abound with the names of wealthy and honored citizens, not a few of whom were advanced in years and surrounded by a numerous family. Side by side with the old West Pointers who had resumed the military harness were men possessed of no practical military knowledge, but who, like Wadsworth, Shaw, and many others, were at least determined to set an example of the cause which finally cost them their lives. Many American villages displayed the same disinterestedness as Phoenixville, in Pennsylvania, which, almost exclusively inhabited by blacksmiths, the least skilful of whom could, during the war, earn in a week more than a soldier's pay for a month, alone furnished an entire company. Individual examples may always be set aside, yet it would be easy to prove, in a general
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