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15. As to the number of his forces, those who put it at the smallest figure mention thirty thousand foot and four thousand horse; those who put it at the highest, forty-three thousand foot and five thousand horse. 1 To provision these forces, Aristobulus says he had not more than seventy talents; Duris speaks of maintenance for only thirty days; and Onesicritus says he owed two hundred talents besides. [2] But although he set out with such meagre and narrow resources, he would not set foot upon his ship until he had enquired into the circumstances of his companions and allotted to one a farm, to another a village, and to another the revenue from some hamlet or harbour. And when at last nearly all of the crown property had been expended or allotted, Perdiccas said to him: ‘But for thyself, O king, what art thou leaving?’ And when the king answered, ‘My hopes,’ ‘In these, then,’ said Perdiccas, ‘we also will share who make the expedition with thee.’ [3] Then he declined the possessions which had been allotted to him, and some of the other friends of Alexander did likewise. But upon those who wanted and would accept his favours Alexander bestowed them readily, and most of what he possessed in Macedonia was used up in these distributions. Such was the ardour and such the equipment with which he crossed the Hellespont.

[4] Then, going up to Ilium, he sacrificed to Athena and poured libations to the heroes. Furthermore, the gravestone of Achilles he anointed with oil, ran a race by it with his companions, naked, as is the custom, and then crowned it with garlands, pronouncing the hero happy in having, while he lived, a faithful friend, and after death, a great herald of his fame. [5] As he was going about and viewing the sights of the city, someone asked him if he wished to see the lyre of Paris. ‘For that lyre,’ said Alexander, ‘I care very little; but I would gladly see that of Achilles, to which he used to sing the glorious deeds of brave men.’ 2

1 ‘Not much more than thirty thousand foot, including light-armed troops and archers, and over five thousand horse’ (Arrian, Anab. i. 11, 3).

2 See the Iliad, ix. 185-191.

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