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CASTLEDYKES Lanarkshire, Scotland.

On a plateau overlooking the river Clyde on the S, 5 km E of Lanark. Known as a Roman site as early as the 18th c., Castledykes has been proved by recent excavatlon to have been occupied during the late 1st c. A.D. as a result of Agricola's advance into Scotland, and again in the 2d c. as a major fort in the network of roads and forts supporting the Antonine Wall.

The earliest Roman structure was a large temporary enclosure which was replaced by a permanent fort in the late 1st c. This fort had a massive turf rampart enclosing ca. 2.6 ha, an elaborate ditch system, and internal buildings of timber.

After an interval of at least 40 years S Scotland was reoccupied by the Romans and the rampart at Castledykes was given a new front, set on a stone base laid partly over the innermost pre-Antonine ditch, which had been filled in. The internal area of the Antonine fort remained the same, but its buildings were of stone; this fort had at least two periods of occupation. On the plateau ca. 60 m E of the fort there was an Antonine enclosure, either a construction camp or an annex to the fort.


A. Robertson, The Roman Fort at Castledykes (1964).


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