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PALIKÉ (Mineo) Catania, Sicily.

Volcanic hill, today named La Rocca, which closes to the NE the valley of the river of Caltagirone or of the Margi, and which dominates to the N the small lake of the Palici. The site, which was uninterruptedly inhabited from the Paleolithic period until the Early Bronze Age, acquired particular importance after the foundation of the city of Paliké by Ducetius in 453 B.C. (Diod. 11.88.6). Destroyed and rebuilt, the city continued to flourish until the Early Hellenistic period. According to a new hypothesis, based on a reference by Kallias (apud. Macrob., Sat. 5.19.25) and on excavational evidence, the site should be identified also with Eryke, archaic center of the 6th c. B.C., which would have been refounded in the 5th c. B.C. by Ducetius under the name of Paliké.

Near a grotto opening onto the side of the hill, stone tools of the Early Paleolithic period have been found, and probably the foundations of the Temple of the Palici. The plain before the hill has yielded Neolithic and Chalcolithic sherds of Serra d'Alto, Diana, and Serraferlicchio wares. Some oven-shaped graves of Castelluccio type attest that the site was also inhabited during the Early Bronze Age. On the plateau of the hill traces have been identified of an archaic settlement of the Licodia Eubea culture whose continuity is attested until the early Hellenistic phase.


G. V. Gentili, “Cinturone eneo con dedica da Paliké,” RömMitt 69 (1962) 14ff; P. Pelagatti, FA 17 (1965) n. 2767; L. Bernabò Brea, “Paliké. Giacimento paleolitico e abitato neolitico ed eneo,” BPI 74 (1965) 23ff; A. Messina, “Menai-Menainon ed Eryke-Paliké,” CronArch 6 (1967) 87ff.


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