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immūnis (inm- and archaic in-moenis ), e, adj. in-munus, or exempt from a public service, burāen, or charge (class.; cf.: expers, exsors).
B. Transf., beyond the polit. and milit. sphere, free or exempt from, that contributes or gives nothing (mostly poet.): “non cnim est inhumana virtus neque immunis neque superba,inactive, Cic. Lael. 14, 50: “quem scis inmunem Cinarae placuisse rapaci,who made no presents, without presents, Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 33; id. C. 4, 12, 23: “Enipeus,Ov. M. 7, 229: “immunisque sedens aliena ad pabula fucus,doing nothing, idle, Verg. G. 4, 244: “ipsa quoque immunis rastroque intacta,without compulsion, free, Ov. M. 1, 101.—In a play on the word: Ly. Civi inmuni scin quid cantari solet? ... Ph. Verum, gnate mi, is est inmunis, quoi nihil est qui munus fungatur suum, Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 69; 73.—
(β). With gen.: “bos curvi immunis aratri,Ov. M. 3, 11: “immunes operum,id. ib. 4, 5.—
II. Trop., not sharing or partaking in, free from, devoid of, without any thing (poet. and in post-Aug. prose); constr. with gen., abl., with ab, or absol.
(α). With gen.: “aspicit urbem Immunem tanti belli,Verg. A. 12, 559: “tanti boni,Ov. Tr. 4, 2, 62: “mali,id. M. 8, 691: “necis,exempt from, id. ib. 9, 253: “caedis manus,free from, unstained with, id. H. 14, 8: “delictorum paternorum,Vell. 2, 7: “aequoris Arctos,not setting in, Ov. M. 13, 293 (an imitation of the Homeric ἄμμορος λοετρῶν Ὠκεανοῖο, Il. 18, 489); Ov. F. 4, 575.—
(β). With abl.: “animum immunem esse tristitiā,Sen. Ep. 85: “Cato omnibus humanis vitiis,Vell. 2, 35, 2: “exercitum immunem tanta calamitate servavit,id. 2, 120, 3.—
(γ). With ab: “immunis ab omnibus arbitris esse,Vell. 2, 14 fin.: “dentes a dolore,Plin. 32, 4, 14, § 37. —
(δ). Absol.: “immunis aram si tetigit manus,stainless, pure, Hor. C. 3, 23, 17: “amicum castigare ob meritam noxiam, Inmoenest facinus,a thankless office, Plaut. Trin. 1, 1, 1; cf.: inmoene, improbum, culpandum, vel interdum munere liberatum, Gloss. Plac. p. 476.
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