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perna , ae, f., = πέρνα.
I.a haunch or ham together with the leg.
I. Lit.
A. Of men: is (i. e. his, militibus) pernas succidit, Enn. ap. Fest. pp. 304 and 305 (Ann. v. 279 Vahl.) (for which, in Liv. 22, 51: succisis feminibus poplitibusque).—
B. Of animals, esp. of swine, a thigh-bone, with the meat upon it to the knee-joint, a leg of pork, a ham or gammon of bacon: “addito ungulam de pernā,Cato, R. R. 158; 162: “frigida,Plaut. Pers. 1, 3, 25: “praeter olus fumosae cum pede pernae,Hor. S. 2, 2, 117; Mart. 10, 48, 17: “aprina,Apic. 8, 1: ossa ex acetabulis pernarum. Plin. 28, 11, 49, § 179; Stat. S. 4, 9, 34.—
II. Transf., of things of a similar shape.
A. A sea-mussel: “pernae concharum generis,Plin. 32, 11, 54, § 154.—
B. A part of the body of a tree sticking to its suckers when pulled off: stolones cum pernā suā avelluntur, Plin. 17, 10, 13, § 67.
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