), son of HEROD the Great, king of Judaea, by his wife Cleopatra, was appointed by his father's will tetrarch of the districts of Gaulonitis, Trachonitis, and Batanaea, the sovereignty of which was confirmed to him by the decision of Augustus.
He continued to reign over the dominions thus entrusted to his charge for the space of thirty-seven years (B. C. 4 - A. D. 34), a period of uniform tranquillity, during which his mild and equitable rule made him universally beloved by his subjects.
He founded the city of Caesareia, surnamed Paneas, but more commonly known as Caesareia Philippi, near the sources of the Jordan, which he named in honour of Augustus, while he bestowed the name of Julias upon the town of Bethsaida, which he had greatly enlarged and embellished. Among other edifices he erected there a magnificent monument, in which his remains were deposited after his death.
As he left no children, his dominions were after his decease annexed to the Roman province of Syria. (J. AJ 17.8.1
1.33.8, 2.6.3.) This Philip must not be confounded with Herod surnamed Philip, who was the son of Herod the Great by Mariamne [HERODES PHILIPPUS].