Timo'creon（Τιμοκρέων), of Rhodes, a lyric poet, celebrated for the bitter and pugnacious spirit of his works, and especially for his attacks on Themistocles and Simonides. From fragments of his poetry, which are preserved by Plutarch (Themist. 21), it appears that he was a native of Ialysus in Rhodes, whence he was banished on the then common charge of an inclination towards Persia (μηδισμός); and in this banishment he was left neglected by Themistocles, who had formerly been his friend, and his connection by the ties of hospitality. According to Plutarch, the influence of Themistocles was positively employed to procure the banishment of Timocreon : but from the words of the poet himself, the offence seems to have amounted only to his neglecting to procure Timocreon's recall from exile, when he obtained that favour for other political fugitives. This distinction Timocreon ascribes to pecuniary corruption; and, in another passage quoted by Plutarch (ibid.) he insinuates that Themistocles was not free from the guilt of the same political crime for which he himself was suffering. It is to be observed that Timocreon does not deny the charge brought against him, but he even admits it, unless the words Κηΐα με προσῆλθε φλυαρία οὐκ ἐθέλοντα.
οὐκ ἐθέλοντά με προσῆλθε Κηΐα φλυαρία
” which is evidently a parody on the following epigram of Simonides (Anth. Pal. 13.30), ἐμμελοῦς). In another passage of Suidas (s. v. σκόλιον), he is made an epic poet (ἐποποιός); a mistake borrowed from a passage in the Scholia on Aristophanes (Ran. 1302), where, however, the error is manifest, as the quotation made is from a scolion by Timocreon; and, in another passage of the Scholia (Acharn. 532), where the same quotation is made, and of which indeed the former passage seems to be merely a transcript, Timocreon is rightly designated μελοποιός. The quotation made in these passages consists of two lines from a scolion on the mischiefs caused by riches, in which the poet utters the wish " that blind Plutus had never appeared upon earth, neither upon the sea, nor on the mainland, but had had Tartarus and Acheron for his abode." We have also some lines, which Hephaestion (p. 71) quotes, as an example of the Ionic a Minore Dimeter Catalectic or Timocreontic metre, from the commencement of what appears to have been a Sybaritic apologue, namely μηδὲ Τιμοκρέοντος τοῦ σχετλίου πρᾶγμα ποιῶμεν and the sober judgment of modern criticism is that he gave proofs of a high degree of talent, which he abused through want of character and repose. The fragments already referred to comprise all his extant remains, except a single pentameter, quoted by Hephaestion (p. 4) from his Epigrams, and two references, which Diogenianus (Praef. pp. 179,180, ed. Schneidewin) makes to his works. There is also a chorus in the Wasps of Aristophanes (1060, foll.), which, the Scholiast tells us, on the authority of Didymus, is a parody on an ode by Timocreon. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. pp. 144, 159, 504, vol. iv. p. 498, vol. viii. p. 635; Böckh, Prooem. Aest. Lect. Berol. 1833 ; Bernhardy, Grundriss d. Griech. Litt. vol. ii. pp. 542-544; Ulrici; Bode; Brunck, Anal. vol. i. p. 148; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. i. p. 80, vol. xiii. p. 962; Schneidewin, Delect. Poes. Graec. pp. 427-431; Bergk, Poet. Lyr. Graec. pp. 807-810 ; Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. s. a. 471). [P.S]