In our numbers for March and April, 1876, we very fully discussed the question of “Treatment and Exchange of Prisoners
” during the war. We think that we fully demonstrated that the charges made against the Confederate Government of deliberate cruelty to prisoners were false; that our Government was more humane than the Federal Government
, and that the suffering on both sides might have been prevented by carrying out the terms of the cartel for the exchange of prisoners, for the failure of which the Federal authorities alone were responsible
Our statement of the question, and the documents, facts and figures which we gave, have never been answered, and we have had abundant testimony (not only from distinguished Confederates and intelligent foreigners, but also from candid men at the North
whose opinions were all the other way before reading our discussion), that our argument is conclusive and cannot be answered.
But in order that we may accumulate
evidence of the truth of every position we have taken in this discussion, we shall continue from time to time to introduce additional papers bearing on the question.
We append the statements of two very different witnesses, given under very different circumstances.
The first is a letter written by Hon. J. P. Benjamin
, ex-Secretary of State
of the Confederacy
, to the London Times
soon after the close of the war. The other is a report of General B. F. Butler
's celebrated Lowell
speech made in the early part of 1865, with the editorial comments of the New York World