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1 The form of this fallacy best known was this: “Epimenides calls the Cretans liars, but he is himself a Cretan; does he then lie or tell the truth?” Cf. Cic. Acad. ii. 29. 95; Gellius xviii. 2. 10.
2 The original form of this fallacy began with the question “Does one grain make a heap?” The answer was “no.” One grain after another was added until there were, say, n grains, when it would be admitted that n + 1 grains made a heap. Hence the difference between n + 1 and n grains, or one grain, made a heap, which was contrary to the first answer. Cf. Reid's A cad. ii. 16. 49 note.
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