previous next

Twelfth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.

(1) Col. Fletcher Webster.

(2) Col. James L. Bates.

Field and Staff.Line.Band.companies.Unassigned Recruits.Totals.
Number on regimental rolls,—
Enlisted men,1821157134163140130159145146157152141,536
Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.18212224343233
Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.11226
Actual total of members of regiment,—
Enlisted men,21021155132161137128153142140154150141,497

Recruiting for the 12th Mass. Infantry began April 22, 1861, through the efforts of Fletcher Webster of Marshfield, Mass., who afterward became its colonel, and through whom it gained the title of ‘The Webster Regiment.’ May 1 the companies raised were stationed at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, and on June 26, 1861, the greater part of the regiment was mustered into the United States' service, the organization being completed July 11; on July 23 it left the State and, assigned to Abercrombie's Brigade of General Banks' forces, went by the way of Baltimore to Harper's Ferry, and was engaged during the remainder of the year in guarding the upper Potomac; moving in the autumn to Hyattstown and Seneca Mills and making its winter quarters at Frederick, Md. In February, 1862, the regiment broke camp, and entering the Shenandoah Valley reconnoitered during the spring and early summer in the neighborhood of Winchester, Aldie, Front Royal and Manassas, becoming in June part of Ricketts' Division, McDowell's Corps, Army of Virginia. It entered at dusk on August 9 into the battle of Cedar Mountain and was closely engaged at Manassas August 30, suffering great loss in the death of Colonel Webster. As part of General Hartsuff's Brigade in the 1st Corps under Hooker, Army of the Potomac, the regiment took part at the battle of South Mountain and began its part at Antietam early in the morning of September 17, at Dunker's Church, losing heavily. At Fredericksburg the regiment was actively engaged in the afternoon of December 13 with much loss. Occupying winter quarters near Fletcher's Chapel, it engaged in the ‘mud march’ of January, 1863; it was active at the battle of Chancellorsville and was engaged at Gettysburg, meeting its principal loss July 1. It took part in the march to the Rappahannock and in the Mine Run campaign in November, 1863. At the battle of the Wilderness it was engaged May 5 and 6, and shared in the movements to Spotsylvania, North Anna and Cold Harbor, being constantly in action with frequent losses. June 16 the regiment moved to Petersburg and took part in the assaults of the following days. June 25, 1864, the regiment's term of service expired and it retired from the front; the re-enlisted men and the recruits were transferred to the 39th Mass. Infantry, and returning to Washington June 28, it left at once for Massachusetts and was mustered out of service on Boston Common, July 8, 1864.

1 Including non-commissioned staff.

2 Including non-commissioned staff.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Fletcher Webster (3)
Ricketts (1)
McDowell (1)
Hooker (1)
Hartsuff (1)
James L. Bates (1)
Gardner Banks (1)
Abercrombie (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: