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OCTAVIANUM (Sant Cugat del Vallés) Barcelona, Spain.

A town in Catalonia 12 km N of Barcelona whose name refers to the Monastery of Sant Cugat, at the eighth milestone of the road from Barcino to Egara. It was on the site of the passio of Cucufas, a martyr from Barcelona.

A fluted sarcophagus, in the monastery from the earliest times, is now in the Archaeological Museum of Barcelona.

Restoration work in the monastery revealed the existence of a late Roman necropolis with tombs preserving the ruins of mosaic laudae in the African style, an Early Christian meeting hall, and a building of square floor plan with projections that may have been towers. It was built with square stone blocks (opus quadratum), and the walls were 2 m thick, a construction justifying the name of castrum in the mediaeval documents. Among the material reutilized was a milestone of Claudius. The hall was modified in the 6th c. with a polygonal apse, and decorated with Visigothic ornamental sculpture.


Bosch Gimpera & J. Serra Rlifols, “Scavi a Sant Cugat del Vallés,” RendPontAcc 37 (1964-65) 307-24; P. de Palol, Arqueología cristiana de la España romana (1966) 42 s. 374.


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