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TUGIA or Toya (Peal del Becerno) Jaén, Spain.

Iberian city at the confluence of the Guadiana Menor with the Guadalquivir. In the necropolis was a large cellar with three stone chambers, burials with chariots, three Greek kraters by the schools of the Painter of Thebes, the Retorted Painter, the Painter of the Black Thyrsos, the Painter of Toya, and a lekythos, all in the National Archaeological Museum of Madrid; and a kylix in the Instituto de Estudios Giennenses, Jaén. All date from the first half of the 4th c. B.C.


J. Cabré, “Anquitectura hispánica. El sepulcro de Toya,” ArchEsp 1 (1925) 73-101PI; A. García y Bellido, Hispania Graeca II (1948) 183-85MPI; J. M. Blázquez, “La cámara sepulcral de Toya y sus paralelos etruscos,” Oretania 5 (1960) 233-37MI; G. Trías, Cerámicas griegas de la Península Ibérica (1971) 465-73I.


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