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prae-sĭdĕo , sēdi (praesīdi in best MSS., Tac. A. 1, 76), ēre, v. n. and
I.a. [sedeo], to sit before or in front of.
I. Lit. (mostly postclass. and rare): “pro aede Capitolini Jovis praesidere,Suet. Aug. 26.—
B. Transf., in time, to sit beforehand: “in cujus (Mutini) sinu nubentes praesident, ut, etc.,Lact. 1, 20 fin.
II. Trop.
A. To guard, watch, protect, defend.
(β). With acc.: “socios,Sall. H. 2, 28 Dietsch: “agros suos,id. ib. 3, 66: “proximum Galliae litus,Tac. A. 4, 5: “civium manus litora oceani praesidebat,id. ib. 4, 72.—
B. To preside over, to have the care or management of, to superintend, direct, command (syn. praesum).
(β). With acc.: “P. Atellio, qui Pannoniam praesidebat,who commanded in Pannonia, Tac. A. 12, 29: “exercitum,to command, id. ib. 3, 39.—
(γ). With in and abl.: “Metellus in agro Piceno praesidebat,Sall. C. 57, 2.—
(δ). Absol.: “(in senatu) princeps praesidebat,presided, Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 10.—Hence, praesĭdens , entis, P. a.; as subst.: a president, director, ruler (post-Aug. for praeses): “superbia praesidentium,governors, Tac. A. 3, 40: praesidentium apparitores, Cod. Th. 8, 7, 13.
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