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Σογδυανή: Persian, Sogd). Comprising parts of Turkestan and Bokhara. The northeast province of the ancient Persian Empire, separated on the south from Bactriana and Margiana by the upper course of the Oxus (Jihoun); on the east and north from Scythia by the Sogdii Comedarum and Oscii Mountains (Kara-Dagh, Alatan, and Ak Tagh) and by the upper course of the Iaxartes (Sihoun), and bounded on the northwest by the great deserts east of the Sea of Aral. The natives of the country were of the Aryan race, resembling the Bactrians in their customs (Arrian, Anab. iii. 30; iv. 16 Anab., 18).

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