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ARENA´RII are mentioned in inscriptions as formed into collegia (Orelli-Henzen, Nos. 2773, 4063). The meaning of the name is variously explained as gladiators fighting in the arena, persons who swept it and looked after it (Orelli), or diggers in an arenaria or sand-pit (Muratori). The first of these three senses is the most probable; they are named in connexion with lanistae, scenici, venatores, &c., and Tertullian calls them amentissimi and infames (de Spect. 22, cf. Petron. Sat. 126; Capitol. Aurel. Philosoph., 100.19; Rein, ap. Pauly, i.2 s. v.).


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