or AMPHORA METRETES (ἀφμορευς μετρητής,
the standard amphora;
it appears also as ἀμφορεύς,
the shorter form of the old Homeric
and as κάδος
]), was the principal Greek liquid
measure. It contained 12 choes,
and 864 cyathi.
3-4ths of the medimnus,
the chief dry measure.
The Attic metretes was half as large again as the Roman amphora quadrantal,
and contained 39.39 litres
=69.33 pints, or slightly over 8 1/2 gallons=a water-weight
of 1 1/2 talents. (See Tables.) The Aeginetan metretes contained 54.56 lit.
or a little over 12 gallons, about the same
content as the Persian artabe
The Macedonian metretes is estimated by Hultsch (p. 563) as equal to the
Attic. (Hultsch, Metrologie;