(ἡ Μέλαινα Κόρκυρα
, in Slavonic Karkar
), an island off the coast of Illyria, called the “Black,” from the dark colour of the pine woods covering its sides.
It contained a Greek town, which was said to have been founded by the Cnidians.
The island still abounds in trees, growing down to the water's edge: the proportion of land covered with wood is 43,471 acres, out of a total of 57,130. Of its ancient history we know nothing; a full account of its modern history and of the present condition of the island is given in the work of Sir G. Wilkinson, quoted below. (Strab. ii. p.124
, vii. p. 315; Mela, 2.7; Plin. Nat. 3.26. s. 30
: Sir G. Wilkinson, Dalmatia and Montenegro,
vol. i. p. 251, seq.)