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GANGE (Γάγγη, Ptol. 7.1.81; Γάγγης, Peripl. Mar. Erythr. p. 36), according to Ptolemy, the capital town of the Gangaridae, at the mouth of the Ganges. The author of the Periplus of the Erythraean sea speaks of this place as the chief mart for the finest cotton stuffs, for frankincense, and Chinese malabathron. It must have been in the neighbourhood of the modern Calcutta, though its exact position cannot be identified. Strabo speaks of a town which he calls Gange, but places it far up the river, in the vicinity of Palibothra or Patna (xv. p. 719).


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