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JULIA JOZA (Ἰουλία Ἰόζα), a city on the coast of Hispania Baetica, between Gades and Belon, colonized by a population of Romans mixed with the removed inhabitants of the town of Zelis, near Tingis, on the Libyan shore of the Straits. Thus far Strabo (iii. p.140): later writers speak of a place named JULIA TRANSDUCTA or simply TRANSDUCTA (Ἰουλία Τρανσδοῦκτα, Ptol. 2.4.6; Marcian. Heracl. p. 39; Geog. Rav.), E. of Mellaria; and coins are extant with the epigraph JULIA TRADUCTA (Florez, Med. de Esp. vol. ii. p. 596, Esp. S. vol. x. p. 50; Mionnet, vol. i. p. 26, Suppl. vol. i. pp. 19, 45; Sestini, Med. Isp. p. 90; Num. Goth.; Eckhel. vol. i. pp. 29--31). Mela does not mention the place by either of these names; but, after speaking of Carteia, he adds the following remarkable words: et quam transvecti ex Africa Phoenices habitant, atque unde nos sumeus, Tingentera. (Mela, 2.6.) It can hardly be doubted that all these statements refer to the same place; nay, the very names are identical, Transducta being only the Latin translation of the word Joza (from egressus est) used by the Phoenician inhabitants to describe the origin of the city. Its site must have been at or near Tarifa, in the middle of the European shore of the Straits, and on the S.-most point of the peninsula. (Mém. de l'Acad. des Inscr. p. 103; Philos. Trans. xxx. p. 919; Mentelle, Geog. Comp. Esp. Anc. p. 229; Ukert, 2.1. p. 344.)


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